全球的食物权

  几内亚

The Constitution of the Republic of Guinea does not explicitly guarantee the right to adequate food.. 

The Republic of Guinea has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1978 by way of ratification.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

National status of international obligations

Article 151: "The treaties or agreements regularly approved or ratified have, from their publication, a authority superior to that of the laws, under reserve of reciprocity."

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 6: "The human being has [the] right to the free development of his personality. He has [the] right to life and to physical and moral integrity; no one may be subjected to torture, to pain [peines] or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatments. No one is required to execute a manifestly illegal order. The law determines the order manifestly illegal. No one may take advantage [se prévaloir] of a received order or of an instruction to justify acts of torture, abuse [sévices] or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatments committed in the exercise or on the occasion of the exercise of their functions. No situation of exception or of emergency should [ne doit] justify the violations of human rights."

Article 15: "Each one has the right to health and to the physical well-being. The State has the duty to promote them, to fight against the epidemics and the social calamities [fléaux]."

Article 23: "The State must promote the well-being of the citizens, to protect and to defend the rights of the human person and the defenders of human rights. [...]"

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Ratification (1978)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Ratification (1982)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Accession (1990)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Ratification (2008)

承认足够食物权的立法和政策

粮农组织理事会通过的并得到世界粮食安全委员会认可的《食物权准则》提供了关于如何在国家粮食安全背景下逐步实现充足食物权的指南。

考虑到可以通过各种法律和政策行动来实现获得充足食物的人权,我们邀请您访问 FAOLEX国家概况数据库, 其中收集了已经在国家一级采取的各种措施。您可能会发现一些文件是与某些相关准则相关的法规和政策,例如与获取资源和资产的准则(准则8)相关的措施,与食品安全和消费者保护准则(准则9)相关的措施,与对弱势群体的支持(准则13)相关的措施,以及与自然灾害和人为灾难(准则16)相关的措施。

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