全球的食物权

  洪都拉斯

The Constitution of the Republic of Honduras explicitly guarantees the right to adequate food.

The Republic of Honduras has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1981 by way of ratification. It has ratified the Optional Protocol (OP-ICESCR) in 2018.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

Explicit protection of the right to adequate food

Article 123: “All children shall enjoy the benefits of social security and education. Every child shall have the right to grow and develop in good health, for whom special care shall be given during the prenatal period, as much for the child as for the mother, both being entitled to food, housing, education, recreation, exercise and adequate medical services.”

Directive principles of state policy

Article 347: "Agricultural production must be preferably aimed at satisfying the food requirements of the Honduran population, within the framework of a policy of adequate supply and fair prices for the producer and the consumer."

National status of international obligations

Article 16: "All international treaties must be approved by the National Congress before their ratification by the Executive Power. International treaties entered into by Honduras with other States form part of the domestic law as soon as they enter into force."

Article 17: "When an International Treaty affects a constitutional provision, it shall be approved through the procedure governing Constitutional amendments. At the same time, the respective constitutional provision shall be modified through the same procedure before the International Treaty is ratified by the Executive Power."

Article 18: “In case of conflict between the treaty or convention, and the law, the former shall prevail.”

 

 

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 142: “Every person is entitled to the security of his economic means of support in the event of work disability or inability to obtain remunerated employment”

 

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Ratification (1981)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Ratification (1983)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Ratification (1990)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Ratification (2008)

承认足够食物权的立法和政策

粮农组织理事会通过的并得到世界粮食安全委员会认可的《食物权准则》提供了关于如何在国家粮食安全背景下逐步实现充足食物权的指南。

考虑到可以通过各种法律和政策行动来实现获得充足食物的人权,我们邀请您访问 FAOLEX国家概况数据库, 其中收集了已经在国家一级采取的各种措施。您可能会发现一些文件是与某些相关准则相关的法规和政策,例如与获取资源和资产的准则(准则8)相关的措施,与食品安全和消费者保护准则(准则9)相关的措施,与对弱势群体的支持(准则13)相关的措施,以及与自然灾害和人为灾难(准则16)相关的措施。

您可以在下面找到明确提及食物权的政策和法规

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