全球的食物权

  莫桑比克

The Constitution of the Republic of Mozambique does not explicitly guarantee the right to adequate food.

The Republic of Mozambique is not yet a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

National status of international obligations

Article 18: “International law-

1. Validly approved and ratified International treaties and agreements shall enter into force in the Mozambican legal order once they have been officially published and while they are internationally binding on the Mozambican State.

2. Norms of international law shall have the same force in the Mozambican legal order as have infra-constitutional legislative acts of the Assembly of the Republic and the Government, according to the respective manner in which they are received.”

Artigo 18: "Direito internacional -

1. Os tratados e acordos internacionais, validamente aprovados e ratificados, vigoram na ordem jurídica moçambicana após a sua publicação oficial e enquanto vincularem internacionalmente o Estado de Moçambique.

2. As normas de direito internacional têm na ordem jurídica interna o mesmo valor que assumem os actos normativos infraconstitucionais emanados da Assembleia da República e do Governo, consoante a sua respectiva forma de recepção.

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 11: “The fundamental objectives of the Republic of Mozambique shall be:  
c) the building of a society of social justice and the achievement of material and spiritual well being and quality of life for its citizens;  
e) the defence and promotion of human rights and of the equality of citizens before the law”.

Artigo 11: "O Estado moçambicano tem como objectivos fundamentais:

c) a edificação de uma sociedade de justiça social e a criação do bem-estar material, espiritual e de qualidade de vida dos cidadãos;

e) a defesa e a promoção dos direitos humanos e da igualdade dos cidadãos perante a lei;

 

Article 97: “The economic and social order of the Republic of Mozambique shall aim to satisfy the basic needs of the people and to promote social well being [...]”.

Artigo 97: "A organização económica e social da República de Moçambique visam a satisfação das necessidades essenciais da população e a promoção do bem-estar social [...]"

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status:

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Accession (1997)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Ratification (1994)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Ratification (2012)

承认足够食物权的立法和政策

粮农组织理事会通过的并得到世界粮食安全委员会认可的《食物权准则》提供了关于如何在国家粮食安全背景下逐步实现充足食物权的指南。

考虑到可以通过各种法律和政策行动来实现获得充足食物的人权,我们邀请您访问 FAOLEX国家概况数据库, 其中收集了已经在国家一级采取的各种措施。您可能会发现一些文件是与某些相关准则相关的法规和政策,例如与获取资源和资产的准则(准则8)相关的措施,与食品安全和消费者保护准则(准则9)相关的措施,与对弱势群体的支持(准则13)相关的措施,以及与自然灾害和人为灾难(准则16)相关的措施。

您可以在下面找到明确提及食物权的政策和法规

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