全球的食物权

  马拉维

The Constitution of the Republic of Malawi explicitly guarantees the right to adequate food.

The Republic of Malawi has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1993 by way of accession.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

Explicit protection of the right to adequate food

Article 30: Right to development.
2. "The State shall take all necessary measures for the realization of the right to development. Such measures shall include, amongst other things, equality of opportunity for all in their access to basic resources, education, health services, food, shelter, employment and infrastructure."

Article 42.1: "Every person who is detained, including every sentenced prisoner, shall have the right - (b) to be detained under conditions consistent with human dignity, which shall include at least the provision of reading and writing materials, adequate nutrition and medical treatment at the expense of the State."

Directive principles of state policy

Article 13: “The State shall actively promote the welfare and development of  the people of Malawi by progressively adopting and implementing policies and legislation aimed at achieving the following goals:
(b) Nutrition: To achieve adequate nutrition for all in order to promote good health and self-sufficiency.”

National status of international obligations

Article 211.1: “Any international agreement ratified by an Act of Parliament shall form part of the law of the Republic if so provided for in the Act of Parliament ratifying the agreement."

Article 211.2: "International agreements entered into before the commencement of this Constitution and binding on the Republic shall form part of the law of the Republic, unless Parliament subsequently provides otherwise or the agreement otherwise lapses."

Article 211.3: "Customary international law, unless inconsistent with this Constitution or an Act of Parliament, shall have continued application."

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Accession (1993)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Accession (1987)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Accession (1991)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Ratification (2009)

承认足够食物权的立法和政策

粮农组织理事会通过的并得到世界粮食安全委员会认可的《食物权准则》提供了关于如何在国家粮食安全背景下逐步实现充足食物权的指南。

考虑到可以通过各种法律和政策行动来实现获得充足食物的人权,我们邀请您访问 FAOLEX国家概况数据库, 其中收集了已经在国家一级采取的各种措施。您可能会发现一些文件是与某些相关准则相关的法规和政策,例如与获取资源和资产的准则(准则8)相关的措施,与食品安全和消费者保护准则(准则9)相关的措施,与对弱势群体的支持(准则13)相关的措施,以及与自然灾害和人为灾难(准则16)相关的措施。

您可以在下面找到明确提及食物权的政策和法规

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