全球的食物权

  朝鲜民主主义人民共和国

The Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea has directive principles that contribute to the realization of the right to adequate food. 

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1981 by way of accession. 

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

Directive principles of state policy

Article 25: “The DPRK regards the steady improvement of the material and cultural standards of the people as the supreme principle of its activities. The constantly-increasing material wealth of society in our country, where taxes have been abolished, is used entirely for promoting the well-being of the working people. The State shall provide all working people with every condition for obtaining food, clothing and housing.”

National status of international obligations

Article 15: "The DPRK shall champion the democratic, national rights of Koreans overseas and their rights recognized by the international law."

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 8: “The social system of the DPRK is a people-centered system under which the working people are masters of everything, and everything in society serves the working people. The state shall safeguard the interests of, and respect and protect the human rights of the working people.”

Article 15: “The DPRK shall protect the democratic national rights of Korean compatriots overseas and their legitimate rights and interests as recognized by international law.”

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Accession (1981)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Accession (2001)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Ratification (1990)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Signature (2013)

承认足够食物权的立法和政策

粮农组织理事会通过的并得到世界粮食安全委员会认可的《食物权准则》提供了关于如何在国家粮食安全背景下逐步实现充足食物权的指南。

考虑到可以通过各种法律和政策行动来实现获得充足食物的人权,我们邀请您访问 FAOLEX国家概况数据库, 其中收集了已经在国家一级采取的各种措施。您可能会发现一些文件是与某些相关准则相关的法规和政策,例如与获取资源和资产的准则(准则8)相关的措施,与食品安全和消费者保护准则(准则9)相关的措施,与对弱势群体的支持(准则13)相关的措施,以及与自然灾害和人为灾难(准则16)相关的措施。

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