全球的食物权

  圣马力诺

The Constitution of the Republic of San Marino does not explicitly guarantee the right to adequate food.

The Republic of San Marino has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1985 by way of accession. It has become a Party to the Optional Protocol (OP-ICESCR) in 2015 by way of accession.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

National status of international obligations

Article 1: "The Republic of San Marino receives generally recognised rules of international law as integral part of its constitutional order, to which it shall conform its acts and conduct. It recognises the provisions set forth in the international declarations on human rights and fundamental freedoms. It reasserts the right to political asylum. It rejects war as a means to settle disputes between States and, in its international policy, adheres to the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations. San Marino constitutional order recognises, guarantees and enforces the rights and fundamental freedoms set forth by the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Regularly signed and implemented international agreements on the protection of human rights and freedoms shall prevail over domestic legislation in case of conflict."

Articolo 1: "La Repubblica di San Marino riconosce, come parte integrante del proprio ordinamento, le norme di diritto internazionale generalmente riconosciute e conforma ad esse i suoi atti e la condotta. Si uniforma alle norme contenute nelle dichiarazioni internazionali in tema di diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali. Riconferma il diritto di asilo politico. Rifiuta la guerra come strumento di risoluzione delle controversie fra Stati e si conforma, nell'azione internazionale, ai principi sanciti dallo Statuto delle Nazioni Unite. L'ordinamento sammarinese riconosce, garantisce ed attua i diritti e le libertà fondamentali enunciate nella Convenzione Europea per la salvaguardia dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali. Gli accordi internazionali in tema di protezione delle libertà e dei diritti dell'uomo, regolarmente stipulati e resi esecutivi, prevalgono in caso di contrasto sulle norme interne. 

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Accession (1985)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Ratification (2003)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Accession (1991)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Ratification (2008)

承认足够食物权的立法和政策

粮农组织理事会通过的并得到世界粮食安全委员会认可的《食物权准则》提供了关于如何在国家粮食安全背景下逐步实现充足食物权的指南。

考虑到可以通过各种法律和政策行动来实现获得充足食物的人权,我们邀请您访问 FAOLEX国家概况数据库, 其中收集了已经在国家一级采取的各种措施。您可能会发现一些文件是与某些相关准则相关的法规和政策,例如与获取资源和资产的准则(准则8)相关的措施,与食品安全和消费者保护准则(准则9)相关的措施,与对弱势群体的支持(准则13)相关的措施,以及与自然灾害和人为灾难(准则16)相关的措施。

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