全球的食物权

  苏里南

The Constitution of the Republic of Suriname explicitly guarantees the right to adequate food.

The Republic of Suriname has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1976 by way of accession.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

Explicit protection of the right to adequate food

Article 24: “The state shall take care of the creation of conditions in which an optimal satisfaction of the basic needs for work, food, health care, education, energy, clothing and communication is obtained.”

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 4: “The concern of the State is aimed at:
b. A Secured means of livelihood for the entire nation”

Article 6: “The social objectives of the State shall aim at:
a. The identification of the potentialities for development of the own natural environment and the enlarging of the capacities to ever more expand those potentialities; b. Guaranteeing the participation of the community in the political life among other ways through national, regional and sectoral participation; c. Guaranteeing a government policy aimed at raising the standard of living and of well-being of the society, based upon social justice, the integral and balanced development of State and society; d. An equitable distribution of the national income, directed towards a fair distribution of well-being and wealth over all strata of the population; e. Regional spreading of public utilities and economic activities; f. The improvement of codetermination by the employees in companies and production units in the taking of decisions about production, economic development and planning; g. Creating and improving the conditions necessary for the protection of nature and for the preservation of the ecological balance.”

Article 36:
1. Everyone shall have a right to health.
2. The State shall promote the general health care by systematic improvement of living and working conditions and shall give information on the protection of health.”

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Accession (1976)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Accession (1993)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Ratification (1993)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Signature (2007)

承认足够食物权的立法和政策

粮农组织理事会通过的并得到世界粮食安全委员会认可的《食物权准则》提供了关于如何在国家粮食安全背景下逐步实现充足食物权的指南。

考虑到可以通过各种法律和政策行动来实现获得充足食物的人权,我们邀请您访问 FAOLEX国家概况数据库, 其中收集了已经在国家一级采取的各种措施。您可能会发现一些文件是与某些相关准则相关的法规和政策,例如与获取资源和资产的准则(准则8)相关的措施,与食品安全和消费者保护准则(准则9)相关的措施,与对弱势群体的支持(准则13)相关的措施,以及与自然灾害和人为灾难(准则16)相关的措施。

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