全球的食物权

  斯洛伐克

The Constitution of the Slovak Republic does not explicitly guarantee the right to adequate food.

The Slovak Republic has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1993 by way of succession. It has ratified the Optional Protocol (OP-ICESCR) in 2012.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

National status of international obligations

Article 1(2): “ The Slovak Republic acknowledges and adheres to general rules of international law, international treaties by which it is bound, and its other international obligations.”

Article 7(5): “International treaties on human rights and fundamental freedoms and international treaties for whose exercise a law is not necessary, and international treaties which directly confer rights or impose duties on natural persons or legal persons and which were ratified and promulgated in the way laid down by a law shall have precedence over laws.”

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 36: “Employees have the right to equitable and adequate working conditions. The law guarantees, above all.
1. the right to remuneration for work done, sufficient to ensure the employee’s dignified standard of living”

Article 39:
(1) Citizens have the right to adequate material provision in old age, in the event of work disability, as well as after losing their provider.
(2) Anyone suffering material hardship, has the right to such assistance as may be necessary to secure his or her fundamental standard of life.

(3) Details of rights pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) are provided by law.”

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Succession (1993)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Ratification (1993)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Ratification (1993)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Ratification (2010)

承认足够食物权的立法和政策

粮农组织理事会通过的并得到世界粮食安全委员会认可的《食物权准则》提供了关于如何在国家粮食安全背景下逐步实现充足食物权的指南。

考虑到可以通过各种法律和政策行动来实现获得充足食物的人权,我们邀请您访问 FAOLEX国家概况数据库, 其中收集了已经在国家一级采取的各种措施。您可能会发现一些文件是与某些相关准则相关的法规和政策,例如与获取资源和资产的准则(准则8)相关的措施,与食品安全和消费者保护准则(准则9)相关的措施,与对弱势群体的支持(准则13)相关的措施,以及与自然灾害和人为灾难(准则16)相关的措施。

分享本页内容