The Right to Food around the Globe

  Tajikistan

The Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan does not explicitly guarantee the right to adequate food.

The Republic of Tajikistan has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1999 by way of accession.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

National status of international obligations

Article 10: “The Constitution of Tajikistan shall have supreme legal force and its norms have direct affect. Laws and other legal acts that contradict the Constitution shall be of no legal validity. State and all its bodies, officials, citizens, and their associations shall observe and comply with the Constitution and laws of the republic. International legal documents recognized by Tajikistan shall be a component part of the legal system of the republic. In case the republican laws do not stipulate to the recognized international legal documents, the rules of the international documents shall apply. Laws and international documents recognized by Tajikistan shall come into force after their official publication.”

Article 14: “The rights and liberties of individual and citizen shall be protected by the Constitution, the laws of the republic, and international legal documents recognized by Tajikistan. The rights and liberties of individual and citizen shall be implemented directly.”

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 1: “Being social oriented state Tajikistan shall provide relevant living conditions for every person.”

Article 5: “Man, his rights and liberties shall be the supreme value. The life, honor, dignity, and other natural human rights shall be inviolable. The rights and liberties of the man and citizens shall be recognized, observed and protected by the state.”

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Accession (1999)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Accession (1993)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Accession (1993)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: -

Legislation and policies recognizing the right to adequate food

Guidance on how to progressively realise the human right to adequate food in contexts of national food security has been provided by the Right to Food Guidelines, adopted by the FAO Council and endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security.

Considering that the human right to adequate food can be implemented through a variety of legal and policy actions, we invite you to visit the FAOLEX Country Profile database for a wide-ranging collection of measures that have been taken at national level. Some of the documents you may find are legislation and policies that touch on a number of relevant Guidelines, such as those on Access to resources and assets (Guideline 8), Food safety and consumer protection (Guideline 9), Support for vulnerable groups (Guideline 13) and Natural and human-made disasters (Guideline 16).

Here below you can find policies and legislation that explicitly mention the right to food

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