全球的食物权

  塔吉克斯坦

The Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan does not explicitly guarantee the right to adequate food.

The Republic of Tajikistan has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1999 by way of accession.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

National status of international obligations

Article 10: “The Constitution of Tajikistan shall have supreme legal force and its norms have direct affect. Laws and other legal acts that contradict the Constitution shall be of no legal validity. State and all its bodies, officials, citizens, and their associations shall observe and comply with the Constitution and laws of the republic. International legal documents recognized by Tajikistan shall be a component part of the legal system of the republic. In case the republican laws do not stipulate to the recognized international legal documents, the rules of the international documents shall apply. Laws and international documents recognized by Tajikistan shall come into force after their official publication.”

Article 14: “The rights and liberties of individual and citizen shall be protected by the Constitution, the laws of the republic, and international legal documents recognized by Tajikistan. The rights and liberties of individual and citizen shall be implemented directly.”

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 1: “Being social oriented state Tajikistan shall provide relevant living conditions for every person.”

Article 5: “Man, his rights and liberties shall be the supreme value. The life, honor, dignity, and other natural human rights shall be inviolable. The rights and liberties of the man and citizens shall be recognized, observed and protected by the state.”

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Accession (1999)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Accession (1993)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Accession (1993)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: -

承认足够食物权的立法和政策

粮农组织理事会通过的并得到世界粮食安全委员会认可的《食物权准则》提供了关于如何在国家粮食安全背景下逐步实现充足食物权的指南。

考虑到可以通过各种法律和政策行动来实现获得充足食物的人权,我们邀请您访问 FAOLEX国家概况数据库, 其中收集了已经在国家一级采取的各种措施。您可能会发现一些文件是与某些相关准则相关的法规和政策,例如与获取资源和资产的准则(准则8)相关的措施,与食品安全和消费者保护准则(准则9)相关的措施,与对弱势群体的支持(准则13)相关的措施,以及与自然灾害和人为灾难(准则16)相关的措施。

您可以在下面找到明确提及食物权的政策和法规

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