全球的食物权

  乌干达

The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda has directive principles that contribute to the realization of the right to adequate food. 

The Republic of Uganda has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1987 by way of accession.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

Directive principles of state policy

Article XIV: General social and economic objectives. - “The State shall endeavour to fulfill the fundamental rights of all Ugandans to social justice and economic development and shall, in particular, ensure that- 
(a)
 all developmental efforts are directed at ensuring the maximum social and cultural well-being of the people; and 
(b) all Ugandans enjoy rights and opportunities and access to education, health services, clean and safe water, work, decent shelter, adequate clothing, food security and pension and retirement benefits.” 

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article V:  
(i) The State shall guarantee and respect institutions which are charged by the State with responsibility for protecting and promoting human rights by providing them with adequate resources to function effectively. 
(ii) The State shall guarantee and respect the independence of nongovernmental organisations which protect and promote human rights.” 

Article VII: “The State shall make reasonable provision for the welfare and maintenance of the aged.” 

Article XXII: “The State shall- 

(a) take appropriate steps to encourage people to grow and store adequate food; 
(b) establish national food reserves; and  
(c)
 encourage and promote proper nutrition through mass education and other appropriate means in order to build a healthy State.” 

Article 8A:  
(1) Uganda shall be governed based on principles of national interest and common good enshrined in the national objectives and directive principles of state policy. 
(2) Parliament shall make relevant laws for purposes of giving full effect to clause (1) of this Article.”

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Accession (1987)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Ratification (1985)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Ratification (1990)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Ratification (2008)

承认足够食物权的立法和政策

粮农组织理事会通过的并得到世界粮食安全委员会认可的《食物权准则》提供了关于如何在国家粮食安全背景下逐步实现充足食物权的指南。

考虑到可以通过各种法律和政策行动来实现获得充足食物的人权,我们邀请您访问 FAOLEX国家概况数据库, 其中收集了已经在国家一级采取的各种措施。您可能会发现一些文件是与某些相关准则相关的法规和政策,例如与获取资源和资产的准则(准则8)相关的措施,与食品安全和消费者保护准则(准则9)相关的措施,与对弱势群体的支持(准则13)相关的措施,以及与自然灾害和人为灾难(准则16)相关的措施。

您可以在下面找到明确提及食物权的政策和法规

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