The right to food provides a voice to a wide array of stakeholders; moreover it establishes the seven PANTHER principles that should govern decision-making and implementation processes.
The PANTHER framework, developed by FAO in 2006, is thus a human rights-based approach to the right to food and food security. Derived from various human rights treaties, the PANTHER principles relate to the process that should be followed in addressing the right to adequate food. The approach is based on seven principles that should be integrated in the work with the right to food – the first letter of each principle forming the acronym.
The name PANTHER also helps to remember the seven principles as well as symbolizes the empowering effects of human rights principles.
As for process, a rights-based perspective requires decision-making processes (from policy formulation to law-making down to administrative acts) to comply with the with seven important PANTHER principles: participation, accountability, non-discrimination, transparency, human dignity, empowerment and rule of law.
Let us review the principles one by one:
Participation requires that everyone have the right to subscribe to decisions that affect them
Accountability requires that politicians and government officials be held accountable for their actions through elections, judicial procedures or other mechanisms
Non-discrimination prohibits arbitrary differences of treatment in decision-making
Transparency requires that people be able to know processes, decisions and outcomes
Human dignity requires that people be treated in a dignified way
Empowerment requires that they are in a position to exert control over decisions affecting their lives
Rule of law requires that every member of society, including decision-makers, must comply with the law.
The PANTHER principles contribute to strengthening relevant public institutions and coordination mechanisms with regard to implementation as well as integrate partners such as civil society organizations, human rights commissions, parliamentarians and government sectors.