FAO at Rio +20
Sustainable consumption and production
Agriculture and food systems are at the basis of food security. To be able to meet the challenges of sustainable growth, both will have to change. This will not be a simple task especially because of the scale of the transformation and the urgency.
Agriculture impacts more of the world's surface area than any other human activity and thus has a critical bearing on the natural environment. A transformation in agriculture is key to reduce deforestation and land degradation, improve water use efficiency, strengthen ecosystem resilience and reduce the adverse effects of agriculture on the climate.
Climate-smart agriculture provides an important part of the response to this challenge. Depending on the context, it can deliver multiple benefits such as more sustainable resource use, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, enhanced resilience and reduced food waste and losses, while at the same time increasing productivity and profits for farmers, small as well as large, and contributing to national food and nutrition security and development goals.