La FAO à Rio +20
4 June 2012 This document is the outcome of a collaborative effort across FAO involving headquarters, technical departments and regional, subregional and liaison offices. It was coordinated by the adaptation subgroup of FAOâ€™s Inter-Departmental Working Group on Climate Change (IDWG-CC). We sincerely wish to thank all FAO colleagues involved for their commitment, technical contributions and stimulating debates. In particular, we would like to thank the departmental and regional focal points for climate change for the coordination within their respective units, Kaisa Karttunen for the technical consolidation of the document, and the co-chairs of the adaptation subgroup, Stephan Baas and Doris Soto, who facilitated the participatory dialogue for the development of FAO-Adapt throughout FAO. [more]
4 June 2012 Through its disaster risk reduction activities, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) seeks to protect livelihoods from shocks, to make food production systems more resilient and more capable of absorbing the impact of, and recovering from, disruptive events. Disaster risk reduction protects development investments in the agriculture, livestock, fisheries/aquaculture and forestry sectors, helping the worldâ€™s most vulnerable people become food secure. Disaster risk reduction is vital for ensuring one of the most basic human rights â€” the right to food and freedom from hunger. Furthermore, disaster risk reduction creates a multiplier effect that accelerates the achievement of the Millennium Development Goal 1: the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger. At FAO, disaster risk management is a corporate priority. It is expressed in FAOâ€™s Strategic Framework 2010-19 through Strategic Objective I: Improved preparedness for, and effective response to, food and agricultural threats and emergencies. As part of this objective, FAO makes a specific commitment to disaster risk reduction, Countriesâ€™ vulnerability to crisis, threats and emergencies is reduced through better preparedness and integration of risk prevention and mitigation into policies, programmes and interventions. [more]
4 June 2012 This training manual is for people working on emergency response and disaster risk management; it aims to provide an overview of the major land issues that may arise following a natural disaster that require consideration and inclusion in the decision-making processes associated with response, recovery and rehabilitation. These issues also should be considered for inclusion in follow-on reconstruction and development projects to improve tenure security for the more vulnerable as part of a disaster mitigation process. This manual is also intended for people who work in the land sector, to provide information on the challenges that may be faced in the context of emergency response and recovery from disasters. The information contained in the modules provides a background for the rationale and processes of disaster risk management (DRM). [more]
4 June 2012 Following more than a decade of seemingly inexorable increases in the number of undernourished people, estimates for 2010 presented in this edition of The State of Food Insecurity in the World show a slight glimmer of hope, with the first fall since 1995. But that still leaves nearly a billion people going hungry, and it is too early to know if this is the beginning of a downward trend or merely a momentary dip in the number of undernourished. This year, The State of Food Insecurity in the World focuses on a particular group of countries, countries in protracted crisis, where levels of undernourishment are estimated to be at almost 40 percent. It examines the difficulties faced in trying to turn around the situation in such countries, not least the difficulty of moving beyond the mindset of humanitarian intervention towards a broader-based development agenda. [more]
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2011: How does international price volatility affect domestic economies and food security?
4 June 2012 The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2011 highlights the differential impacts that the world food crisis of 2006-08 had on different countries, with the poorest being most affected. While some large countries were able to deal with the worst of the crisis, people in many small import-dependent countries experienced large price increases that, even when only temporary, can have permanent effects on their future earnings capacity and ability to escape poverty. This year’s report focuses on the costs of food price volatility, as well as the dangers and opportunities presented by high food prices. Climate change and an increased frequency of weather shocks, increased linkages between energy and agricultural markets due to growing demand for biofuels, and increased financialization of food and agricultural commodities all suggest that price volatility is here to stay. The report describes the effects of price volatility on food security and presents policy options to reduce volatility in a cost-effective manner and to manage it when it cannot be avoided. [more]
dernière mise à jour: mardi 5 juin 2012