Population People

Posted February 2000

HIV/AIDS in Namibia: The impact on the livestock sector 1

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Table 1: Oshana Case A - Female widowed parent with six children and one other adult

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 130 0 Taken away
No. of sheep and goats 198 80 Some taken away
No. of pigs 0 0  
No. of chickens 28 12 Some died
Total area cropped 4 ha 4 ha  
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements More than enough Just enough Draught power and manure no longer available; continues to use fertilizer
No. of household members employed off-farm 0 0  
Other income-generating activities Selling home-made bread 0 Money to buy flour no longer available

Table 2: Oshana Case B - Female widowed parent with six children

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 27 0 Taken away
No. of sheep and goats 20 10 Some taken away, others slaughtered
No. of pigs 0 0  
No. of chickens 20 10 Slaughtered for family consumption
Total area cropped 2 ha 2 ha  
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements Just enough Less than needed Draught power and manure no longer available
No. of household members employed off-farm 0 0  
Other income-generating activities 0 0  

Table 3: Oshana Case C - Female widowed parent with seven children and four other adults

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 10 0 Taken away
No. of sheep and goats 10 0 Taken away
No. of pigs 1 1  
No. of chickens 48 20 Some taken away
Total area cropped 2 ha 2 ha  
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements Just enough Less than needed Manure no longer available; continues to use fertilizer
No. of household members employed off-farm 1 0 Died
Other income-generating activities Cuca-shop 0 Taken

Table 4: Oshana Case D - Female widowed parent with six children and two other adults

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 0 0  
No. of sheep and goats 92 0 Taken away
No. of pigs 3 1 Slaughtered
No. of chickens 30 10 Some slaughtered for family consumption
Total area cropped 3 ha 3.5 ha Indicates determination to make up for lost livestock
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements More than enough Just enough Manure no longer available; continues to use fertilizer
No. of household members employed off-farm 0 0  
Other income-generating activities 0 0  

Table 5: Oshana Case E - Female widowed parent with eight children and two other adults

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 40 8 Some taken
No. of sheep and goats 80 0 Taken away
No. of pigs 0 0  
No. of chickens 40 18 Some taken
Total area cropped 4 ha 3 ha Draught power taken
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements More than enough Just enough Draught animals taken, depends on hand hoeing; manure no longer available; no more money to use fertilizer
No. of household members employed off-farm 1 0 Died
Other income-generating activities Cuca-shop 0 Destroyed

Table 6: Oshana Case F - Female widowed parent with eight children and four other adults

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 120 40 Some taken
No. of sheep and goats 102 114  
No. of pigs 0 0  
No. of chickens 48 20 Some slaughtered for family consumption
Total area cropped 3 ha 2 ha  
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements More than enough Less than needed  
No. of household members employed off-farm 2 1 One died
Other income-generating activities Cuca-shop 0 Taken

Table 7: Oshana Case G - Female widowed parent with four children and two other adults

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 80 60 Some taken
No. of sheep and goats 60 60  
No. of pigs 2 0 Slaughtered
No. of chickens 28 20 Some slaughtered for family consumption
Total area cropped 2 ha 3 ha Indicates determination to make up for lost livestock
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements More than enough Just enough Manure no longer available; continues to use fertilizer
No. of household members employed off-farm 2 1 One died
Other income-generating activities Cuca-shop Cuca-shop  

Table 8: Oshana Case H - Male widowed parent with six children and five other adults

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 15 15 Slaughtered oxen for funeral provided by uncle
No. of sheep and goats 28 37 Increase due to natural reproduction
No. of pigs 0 0  
No. of chickens 23 37 Increase due to natural reproduction
Total area cropped 3 ha 3 ha  
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements More than enough More than enough Continues to use manure and fertilizer
No. of household members employed off-farm 1 1 Working father takes care of family
Other income-generating activities 0 0  

Table 9: Oshana Case I - Male widowed parent with eight children and seven other adults

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 25 25 Two oxen slaughtered for funeral; two calves born
No. of sheep and goats 36 48  
No. of pigs 4 2 Slaughtered for sale
No. of chickens 17 25  
Total area cropped 4 ha 4 ha  
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements Just enough Just enough Continues to use manure and fertilizer
No. of household members employed off-farm 3 2 One died
Other income-generating activities 0 0 Parents' pension a major income source

Table 10: Oshana Case J - Male widowed parent with five children and three other adults

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 10 8 Two oxen slaughtered for funeral
No. of sheep and goats 20 20  
No. of pigs 0 0  
No. of chickens 40 40  
Total area cropped 7 ha 3 ha  
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements Just enough Less than needed Continues to use manure but poor weed management on a reduced area
No. of household members employed off-farm 2 2 They do not help children at home
Other income-generating activities 0 0  

Table 11: Oshana Case K - Male widowed parent with seven children and two other adults

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 13 13 One ox slaughtered for funeral; one calf born
No. of sheep and goats 0 0  
No. of pigs 3 1 Slaughtered for funeral
No. of chickens      
Total area cropped 4 ha 3 ha Labour is now short
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements More than enough More than enough Continues to use manure and fertilizer
No. of household members employed off-farm 0 0  
Other income-generating activities 0 0 Occasional remittance from sisters and brothers is the major income source

Table 12: Oshana Case L - Male widowed parent with four children

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 55 50 Some oxen slaughtered for funeral
No. of sheep and goats 20 20  
No. of pigs 0 0  
No. of chickens 20+ 20+  
Total area cropped 2.5 ha 2.5 ha  
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements More than enough More than enough Continues to use manure and fertilizer
No. of household members employed off-farm 1 1  
Other income-generating activities 0 0  

Table 13: Oshana Case M - Child-headed household with four children

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 6 4 Two oxen slaughtered for funeral
No. of sheep and goats 14 10 Dying due to poor management
No. of pigs 0 0  
No. of chickens 16 10 Dying due to poor management
Total area cropped 5 ha 2 ha  
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements Just enough Far, far less than required Little manure used and no fertilizer; crop and weed management very poor on a reduced area
No. of household members employed off-farm 0 0  
Other income-generating activities 0 0  

Table 14: Oshana Case N - Child-headed household with four children

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 0 0  
No. of sheep and goats 0 0  
No. of pigs 1 0 Slaughtered
No. of chickens 10 0 Slaughtered
Total area cropped 1 ha 1 ha  
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements Less than enough Far, far less than required No manure and no fertilizer used; crop and weed management very poor
No. of household members employed off-farm 0 0 Other children tend to stay away from home
Other income-generating activities 0 0  

Table 15: Oshana Case O - Child-headed household with ten children

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 2 2  
No. of sheep and goats 9 9  
No. of pigs 1 1  
No. of chickens 24 24  
Total area cropped 4 ha 4 ha  
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements Less than required Less than required No manure use, animals too few; some fertilizer used; crop and weed management very poor; inexperienced labour
No. of household members employed off-farm 1 1  
Other income-generating activities Selling grain silos and hoe handles Selling grain silos and hoe handles There is little demand for the goods

Table 16: Caprivi Case P - Female widowed parent with four children and seven adults

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 6 4 Source of income
No. of sheep and goats 0 0  
No. of pigs 0 0  
No. of chickens 8 7  
Total area cropped 18ha 1ha No support from the family
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements More than enough Far, far less than required Crop area reduced; no support from the family
No. of household members employed off-farm 2 0  
Other income-generating activities Selling grain Selling fish There is little demand for fish

Table 17: Caprivi Case Q - Female widowed parent with six children

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 0 0  
No. of sheep and goats 7 4 Source of income
No. of pigs 0 0  
No. of chickens 3 0 All sold
Total area cropped 7 ha 3 ha  
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements Just enough Less than required Crop area reduced; poor weed management; no money to hire labour and buy improved seed
No. of household members employed off-farm 0 0  
Other income-generating activities Beer brewing and casual work Beer brewing and casual work  

Table 18: Caprivi Case R - Male widowed parent with five children and one other adult

Parameter Situation before death Situation after death Comments
No. of cattle 2 few  
No. of sheep and goats 0 0  
No. of pigs 0 0  
No. of chickens 6 4 Two sold
Total area cropped 3 ha 3 ha  
Amount of grain produced relative to annual requirements Far, far less than required Far, far less than required Droughts and floods; wife died this year
No. of household members employed off-farm 0 0  
Other income-generating activities Sale of chickens, grass and vegetables 0 Husband and brother maintaining family

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