THE FINALIZED PROJECT "CLIMAGRI" ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE
Information and dissemination of data
Transfer of methodology carried out within the CLIMAGRI Project to developing countries in the Mediterranean basin
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH
Various research activities will be conducted within the scope of the CLIMAGRI project, creating an optimal framework for a better understanding of the physical phenomena tied to the variability and climatic changes which directly influence, both qualitatively and quantitatively, agricultural production and therefore the greenhouse gas emissions. Once acquired, this knowledge will play a predominant role for agriculture that is compatible with safeguarding the environment and achieving sustainable development. The technical/organizational structure of FAO, its experience acquired in the field of sustainable development in developing countries, and its head office being in Rome all make for ideal elements to convey Italian methodologies to developing countries in the Mediterranean region.
THE RESEARCH GOALS
The final objective of this research is to obtain a perfect synergy among the capabilities of UCEA, the Italian research institutes, and FAO to apply the methodologies carried out within the CLIMAGRI project. These methodologies may then be adapted and applied successfully in developing countries in the Mediterranean region. FAO will use its own expertise to permit Italian researchers to adapt the methodologies to existing situations in developing countries in the Mediterranean region and to transfer this understanding found in CLIMAGRI sub-projects to national researchers. The information network and the central archives on disk at FAO will lead to the creation of a multilingual information centre and to the dissemination of results in real time, through Internet. Major publications will be translated into English and French. A professional training project for national experts completes the development of the research.
DESCRIPTION OF THE THREE-YEAR RESEARCH
THE FIRST YEAR
- Creation of a FAO interdepartmental working group.
- Creation of a joint working group with Central Office of Crop Ecology (UCEA), CLIMAGRI and FAO.
- Inventory of the developed methodologies in the sub-projects 1.1, 1.3, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.5, 2.8, 3.1, 3.2, 3.5 and 4.2.
- Detailed analysis of the components of various methodologies to render them homogeneous for better application in developing countries of the Mediterranean region.
- Identification of the developing countries in the Mediterranean region with suitable characteristics for the transfer of methodologies.
- Organization of a technical workshop in Rome.
THE SECOND YEAR
- Identifying and maintaining contact with the national authorities or the research institutes of pre-chosen countries.
- Putting an information centre at FAO into operation and creating a data bank, which permit technico-scientific exchange among Italian research institutes and those of the pre-chosen countries.
- Generalizing the CLIMAGRI methodologies: definition, standardization, acquisition and archiving of data, data analysis, calibrations and results.
- Organizing technical seminars in pre-chosen countries.
THE THIRD YEAR
- The application of CLIMAGRI methodology by the national research institutes in collaboration with the Italian research institutes.
- Diffusion of results via Internet and technical publications in English and French, in coordination with sub-project 4.1 (Documentation and organization of the available information; diffusion of results of individual research topics).
- Professional training of national personnel with Italian experts.
- Organizing a technical seminar in Rome.
The research will be developed using the data and the models made available from the CLIMAGRI Project, as listed above. Further, a Working Group, UCEA-CLIMAGRI-FAO, will be created to define a three-year working plan and to achieve the objectives indicated. Interaction between Italy and the pre-chosen countries, which is essential during the various research phases, will be based on the technical-organizational structure of FAO in Rome and abroad. FAO experts will coordinate the analyses of the methodologies and their application in pre-chosen countries. A multilingual centre with interactive archives will be created at the FAO location. The translation of CLIMAGRI documents in English and French will be carried out at FAO. The dissemination of results through Internet and with technical publications in English and French will also be conducted at FAO. Further, a technical seminar will be organized in Rome at FAO and professional training of national personnel will be organized from FAO.
At the end of the project, the following results will be achieved:
- A definition of standard methodologies applicable in Italy and in developing countries in the Mediterranean region in the field of analysis of the climatic impact on agriculture.
- A definition of a standard methodologies applicable in Italy and in developing countries in the Mediterranean region for estimating the greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture.
- Active collaboration among authorities and Italian research institutes with those of the pre-chosen countries.
- Creation of a multilingual information centre with interactive archives.
- Translation of the CLIMAGRI documents in English and in French.
- Dissemination of the results through Internet and with technical publications in English and French.
- Technical meetings among experts from Italy, FAO and pre-chosen countries.
- Professional training of national personnel.
- Gommes, R. & Petrassi, F. 1994. Rainfall variability and drought in Sub-Saharan Africa since 1960.
- Gommes, R. & See, L. 1993. FAOMET: Agrometeorological crop forecasting tools. Rome, FAO.
- Gommes, R. & Nègre, T. 1992. The role of agrometeorology in the alleviation of natural disasters.
- FAO. 1996. Global Climate Change and Agricultural Production. Proceedings of an expert consultation held in Rome, Italy, in 1993. Rome, FAO.
- FAO. FAOCLIM 1.2. User's manual and CD-ROM of worldwide agroclimatic data.
- FAO. 1995. Coordination and harmonisation of databases and software for agroclimatic applications. Proceedings of an expert consultation held at FAO, Rome, Italy. 29 November - 3 December 1993.
- Hoefsloot, P. 1993. SUIVI: A program for input and analysis of agrometeorological data.
- See, L. & Gommes, R. 1993. Gridded datasets of mean monthly minimum, maximum and daytime temperatures in Africa.