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May 2005

Bioenergy and the Clean Development Mechanism

This paper was presented at the 2nd World Conference on Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection, 10-14 May 2004, Rome, Italy

This paper describes the eligibility of different types of biomass energy projects in developing countries, as a means for offsetting emissions through the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Specifically, the replacement of non-renewable types of biomass with renewable energy, or the improvement of the efficiency of energy systems based on non-renewable biomass, will be difficult if not impossible as CDM projects under current rules. These problems are caused by the categorical exclusion of land-use from the CDM (with the exception of afforestation and reforestation projects). The paper offers some possible solutions for both small-scale and “regular” CDM projects.

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