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Pastoral risk management in Qinghai Province, China
Strengthening capability of risk management of the animal husbandry sector and promoting sustainable development in the grazing area of Qinghai Province
by Jeremy Swift,
This joint publication of FAO and the Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Qinghai Province reports on the FAO-China Technical Cooperation Project-TCP : TCP/CPR/2902 (A)
Qinghai is one of the five largest pastoral regions in China with extensive rangeland resources and a long history of pastoral livelihoods. Livestock production plays a central role in the economy of the province, especially for minority ethnic groups. However, harsh natural conditions and environment limit rangeland productivity. The alpine pastoral ecosystem is now in a fragile condition. Poverty and environmental deterioration are pronounced, and natural disasters (such as severe snow disaster and spring drought) are frequent. They severely jeopardise the livelihoods and production activities of local herders, and at same time undermine the sustainable development of the local economy and threaten the stability of the society. This combination of high exposure to natural disasters, poverty of local herders, steadily increasing pressure from livestock diseases and decline of pastoral productivity, caused by and resulting in poverty and a deteriorating environment, in turn inhibit the herdersí and governmentís capacity to prevent risk, and manage and protect the environment.
The long-term development objective of the FAO-China Technical Cooperation Project TCP/CPR/2902 (A) was to reduce the regular animal losses of pastoral herders in Qinghai due to recurrent natural disasters, and to build up their own capacities to prevent damage from natural calamities. The project should also contribute to the overall improvement of herdersí future livelihoods, reduced environmental degradation and an increased capacity for risk prevention and management at local and provincial levels.
Immediate objectives were:
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