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September 2005

SEAGA Livestock Guide

Planning with a Gender and HIV/AIDS Lens

Animals play a key role to household livelihoods and food security by providing income, food, fuel, fertilizer and building material. Challenges for small livestock keepers include access to markets, goods, services and information, periodic drought or disease, and policies that favour larger-scale producers or external markets. HIV/AIDS presents a challenge to sustainable livestock production, but at the same time livestock can play a critical role in mitigating the impacts of the epidemic and in strengthening rural livelihoods. Men and women often face different opportunities and constraints in managing livestock, and HIV/AIDS and other chronic diseases create different problems and demand different solutions for women and men of different age and socio-economic groups.

The SEAGA Livestock Guide aims to support those working on livestock-related programmes and projects to more effectively respond to the different needs, priorities, constraints and livelihood strategies present in rural communities or households. It provides a brief overview of some of the key socio-economic and gender issues related to livestock production, and considers the impact of HIV/AIDS on livestock production and related activities. The guide looks at strategies for mitigating the impacts of HIV/AIDS (and other chronic illnesses) on food security and agriculture in terms of the role of livestock production.

Pull-out checklists of questions are provided to help users consider gender, HIV/AIDS and socio-economic concerns in planning livestock initiatives and addressing these issues in livestock-focused institutions. There is also a pull-out toolbox of ten participatory tools to help field-based users in livestock project identification and preparation.

Click here to view the PDF file (775 KB).

  • For more information about the Socio-economic and Gender Analysis Programme (SEAGA), click here.

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