Posted October 1998
Integrated coastal area management (ICAM) offers a means of balancing the competing demands of different users of the same resources and of managing the resources to optimize the benefits to be derived on a sustainable basis that is consistent with a country's goals. A new FAO publication, "Integrated coastal area management and agriculture, forestry and fisheries: FAO guidlines", examines issues specific to those sectors, and suggest the processes, information requirements, policy directions, planning tools and possible interventions that are necessary for ICAM.
Any coastal development strategy will be influenced by the respective strengths of the bargaining positions of the many parties involved. The FAO guidelines aim, therefore, at improving the bargaining position of the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors, in order to allow them to take a pro-active stance, seek to clarify and quantify trans-sectoral impacts and formulate and coordinate appropriate management interventions.
FAO advocates coordinated sectoral management according to commonly agreed goals and objectives for coastal area development. Negotiation, conflict resolution, and participatory planning are central elements. The guidelines introduce general ICAM concepts and focus on major issues common to coastal agriculture, forestry and fisheries. The legal framework and institutional arrangements for ICAM are outlined. Attention is drawn to the need for appropriate institutional coordination, information bases, analytical techniques and processes when dealing with the interaction and conflicts of interest between different sectors and user groups. The iterative process for developing ICAM strategies and plans is emphasized.
The guidelines also identify the distinctive characteristics and requirements with respect to ICAM for the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors, respectively. The focus is on interactions among the sectors, information requirements, and policy and planning needs for ICAM. They examine conflicting claims over the allocation and use of coastal natural resources that can lead to the degradation of the environment, and propose alternative mechanisms to facilitate the resolution of conflicts that may arise.
|Integrated coastal area management|
|Agriculture, forestry and fisheries|
This Special is taken from "Integrated coastal area management and agriculture, forestry and fisheries: FAO guidlines", (Environment and Natural Resources Service, FAO, Rome, 1998. 256 p). The full publication is available on-line at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/W8440e/W8440e00.htm. For a printed copy, contact email@example.com