Even if the empirical correlation is not obvious, it seems difficult to separate sustainable development from education. Education is a basic right in itself, and an essential prerequisite for reducing poverty, improving agriculture and the living conditions of rural people and building a food-secure world.
Lack of education undermines productivity, employability, earning capacity, health and social cohesion, and is a direct threat to environmental sustainability, leading to poverty and hunger. In rural areas where the vast majority of the world’s hungry people live, research shows that a farmer with four years of primary education is, on average, almost 9 percent more productive than a farmer with no education.
That is why Education for Rural People is one of the three FAO-led partnerships launched during the WSSD together with the Mountain partnership and the SARD partnership. This partnership emphasizes an integrated approach of education, including agricultural education, but is centred on the access to basic education and on strengthening capacity. It thus seeks to ensure sustainability by reaching the objectives of food security, poverty reduction, and environmental protection, and by satisfying the rural labour market needs.
This module aims to stress the importance of education in learning SARD. Indeed, it can help produce a rural population better able to manage agricultural resources. Investment in agricultural education, research and extension can promote SARD through the development and uptake of better production technologies. Through extension efforts it may then be possible to change attitudes and values towards sustainability amongst the whole population.
The objective of this module is to present the different sides of the education for rural people and their links with SARD. It therefore tries to show the need of a basic education, which includes agricultural education, and of the use of different types of education to satisfy all the needs of the rural population.
Education for Rural Development: caracteristics and issues .
Unformal Education and Participative Extension
Local Knowledge and KAP (Knowledge- Attitude- Practice) Surveys
Brazil : Providing Affordable Agricultural Education.
Laos: Multi-Channel Learning
Participatory Curriculum Development.
Evaluation of a Curriculum Impact and Sustainability
The second step of SARD Learning is about Education for Rural People. To master this topic, it's necessary to answer the following questions :
What are the Objectives of ERP?
Which are the key concerns of ERP?
Why is FAO active in EPR?
What is Agriculture Education?
What is the difference among Agriculture Education and Education for Rural People?
Does ERP Refer to Formal or to Non formal Education?
Why was ERP launched at WSSD (World Summit on Sustainable Development)?
The tools used in this section may be useful to anwer these questions.
ERP Web Site.
Education for Rural Development: Towards New Policy Responses.
Improving Agricultural Extension: A Reference Manual
Web Site SD Dimension- Extension