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FARMER FIELD SCHOOL AND IPM.         
subjects:  Plants              
levels and types of education: Non-formal education              
FAO -
FAO RAP, BANGKOK, 2001
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English
This document is a useful tool for extensionists involved in farmer education. The ecological approach to plant protection is called Integrated Pest Management, or IPM. Not only does it involve minimising the use of pesticides, it also involves a wide range of other practices aimed at growing a healthy crop. The training approach about IPM is called the Farmers Field School (FFS). This entails weekly meetings by a group of farmers. Instead of listening to lectures or watching demonstrations, these farmers observe, record and discuss what is happening in their own fields from the time of planting to the time of harvest. This discovery-learning process generates a deep understanding of ecological concepts and their practical application. Since 1990 more than two million farmers have graduated from FFS. The misuse of pesticides is harmful to human health and is damaging to the environment. Millions of people are poisoned by pesticides every year, and pest problems are often made worse when the balance between beneficial and harmful insects is disturbed by applying toxic chemicals. In the last two decades Asian Governments, NGOs and international agencies have been working together to organise training which helps farmers to learn about the ecology of their fields and, as a result, enables them to make and implement decisions which are safe, productive and sustainable.
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Related links
Community Integrated Pest Management Web site
http://www.communityipm.org/index.htm



Related articles
An overview of characteristics of Farmer Field School.
http://www.farmerfieldschool.net/document_en/FFS_GUIDe.doc
Fundamental Elements of a Farmer Field Schools
http://www.farmerfieldschool.net/document_en/05_06.pdf

Contact: Manuela Allara
Plant Protection Service (AGPP)
Plant Production and Protection Division
FAO
Rome,Italy
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153
Manuela.allara@fao.org

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  | mailto:ERP@fao.org FAO, 2007