About the IP
Decline in agricultural production
Decrease in crop/livestock production
Decrease in labour availability and productivity
In Namibia affected households were more subject to reduction in their number of cattle, compared to the non-affected households. 89% of widow-headed households reported to have experienced a sharp decline in cattle. They lost in average 6 cattle as a result of distress sale and property grabbing. In agricultural production labour constraints were mostly felt in weeding and ploughing, in particular for families headed by women. They were also to a greater extent depending upon hand-hoe alone and less on draught power for land preparations.
Figure Uganda: Cash vs. food crops - % change in cultivation of cash and food crops in affected households (1996-2001)
Decrease in extension services
Decrease in inter-generational transfer of knowledge
In Uganda, limited new knowledge is being sought by affected households due to loss of confidence in the future. Their planning perspective is focused on the short-term. Affected household members are participating less and less in agriculture-related seminars due to ill health, hence not gaining new knowledge on modern farming methods. There is increasing inability of fisher-folk to predict seasons and times of safety on the lake. This has resulted in more accidents. The death of 4 extension workers in 4 years in the survey community demonstrated the problem fisher-folk confront in accessing extension knowledge.
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Updated September 2003
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