About the IP
Change in income and expenditure patterns
Example from Namibia: Proportion of household income deriving from wages (5 yrs recall period)- in %
Among the households who received salaries from the formal wage sector, affected households reported to have experienced a proportional decrease in salaries compared to five years ago, while non-affected households had increased salaried work. The survey further found that affected households, as a result of illness and insufficient labour to carry out agricultural tasks, were diversifying their livelihoods to cope with the current situation. The research indicated an increase in income from crafts, beer making, selling street food and nuts, especially among women. Affected households also reported an increased dependence on remittances and and pensions.
Increase in distress sale of productive and household resources
Increase in difficulties for vulnerable groups to access loans
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Updated September 2003
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