The main projects during Phase-I were:
Socio-Economic and Gender Analysis (SEAGA) Support
The IP conducted two SEAGA Training of Trainers workshops in Uganda for participants from a wide range of organisations. As a follow-up, the IP established a network for SEAGA trainers to exchange experiences in the area of gender mainstreaming and to provide advise in designing training workshops related to participatory approaches and gender issues. During the last years, this SEAGA network has supported different organisations in gender mainstreaming in agriculture and small and medium enterprise programmes. In addition, the network has actively supported the DANIDA Household Agricultural Sector Programme (HASP) in SEAGA training for HASP sub-county level staff and for livestock researchers at district level.
Gender Disaggregated Data: Analysis and Networking
The IP conducted a gender disaggregated data analysis (GDD) training workshop in Uganda in March 2001 to assist statisticians and other producers of statistical data to incorporate a gender dimension into their work. The workshop introduced gender concepts and aimed at enhancing participants' skills in retabulation and in the analysis of sex-disaggregated data. The IP trained officers from a range of organisations like the Uganda Bureau of Statistics, DANIDA Household Agricultural Support Programme, Makerere University, World Vision, Ministry of Agriculture, National Agriculture Research Organisation, Forest Resources Research Institute, Uganda Coffee Farmers Association, and the Uganda National Farmers Association. As a follow up to the training workshop, a GDD network was established to exchange information and knowledge and to provide advice in applying and institutionalising GDD in the ongoing work of the partner organisations.
In May 2002 a representative from MAAIF and the GDD network participated at regional GDD training in Zimbabwe. The knowledge gained from the workshops and through the network has been applied in the research in Phase-II.
Support to Transfer and Adoption of Labour Saving Technology
The IP supported an adoption study to promote engendered and participatory dissemination of animal feed processing and water harnessing technologies for resource-poor female and male diary farmers. The study specifically assessed the appropriateness of animal feed processing and water harnessing technologies on the needs of women, men and youth farmers and developed recommendations for sustained forage choppers and treadle pump technology transfer and adoption. The study was carried out in Masaka and Wakiso districts. The results of the study were presented and refined in a stakeholder workshop, which resulted in recommendations for improved technology development, transfer and adoption in Uganda. This activity was carried out by the Agriculture Engineering and Appropriate Technology Research Institute in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, the National Agricultural Research Organisation, Makerere University, community based organisations and district extension workers.
Engendering the Curriculum for Livestock Health Providers
The aim of this activity was to integrate gender into the curriculum at the Department of Veterinary Faculty (DVF) of the University of Makarere, more specifically for courses related to the delivery of livestock services. The first activities were a gender sensitisation session for members of the Veterinary Faculty in April 2001 and a stakeholder meeting for 28 participants in June the same year.
A participatory baseline survey on the gender needs and priorities of farmers and the nature of the services offered by the ambulatory veterinary clinic was completed in 2001. As part of the implementation process, gender analysis in two communities was conducted and a meeting with service providers to identify the gender gap was organized. Training methods with a participatory and gender sensitive approach have been developed to meet the needs of staff and students in the ambulatory clinic and livestock management. Several stakeholder workshops have been convened throughout the process to discuss and share the findings, and their recommendations have been incorporated. The training materials, including illustrated case studies have been field-tested and published.
Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS in Agricultural Extension
The IP project has been supporting the Ministry of Agriculture in incorporating HIV/AIDS messages into its agricultural service delivery systems. A study was carried out in Iganga, Lira, Mbarara and Rakai districts to gain insights in the impact of HIV/AIDS on agricultural production and food security as well as to collect information on the constraints faced by extension staff in addressing HIV/AIDS within their work. The report also provides information on the constraints faced by extension staff in addressing HIV/AIDS within their work. The report proposes a strategy for developing and integrating HIV/AIDS messages into agricultural extension. Stakeholder workshops have been held to present the findings, discuss the process of developing study design and ethical issues. Comments and recommendations from these workshops and the PITF have been incorporated into the final report. The findings and outputs will be integrated in Phase-II of the IP.
Farm animal genetic resources
The IP supported the development of fact sheets to facilitate the identification of local breeds, strains or genotype by using visible characteristics. The fact sheets also include the different roles of men and women when it comes to conservation and management of farm animal genetic resources in the country. Implementation started in August 2001 following the establishment of a team within the National Animal Breeding Centre responsible for implementing the activity in collaboration with MAAIF, NARO and MUK. The mapping exercise and desk review was finalised in 2001. The fact sheets on farm animal genetic resources were disseminated to stakeholders at national workshop. Even though this protocol has not been part of the SADC-programme as in the other IP-countries, Uganda was invited and participated at regional workshop organized by FAO in July 2001. The IP protocol has also added value to the ongoing work on animal genetic resources in Uganda.
Incorporation of agroforestry into agricultural extension services
The purpose of this activity was to integrate agroforestry technologies into agriculture extension services. The activity was carried out in Busia and Kumi Districts in Eastern Uganda. Activities involved a survey regarding farmers' attitudes towards the use of trees, sensitisation workshops, training workshops for field extension workers and exchange visits. The activities were implemented by a multidisciplinary team consisting of members from the Forestry Resources Research Institute (FORRI), MAAIF, Makerere University, NARO, Buganda Kingdom, several NGOs and extension staff and farmers at the sub-county and district level. The project brought about a closer dialogue between the stakeholders involved and created a greater understanding of collaboration and the advantage of using a more holistic people-centered approach throughout the project cycle. An extension expert assisted in the development of training materials. The material was field-tested in August 2002.