The main projects during Phase-I were:
Promotion of urban consumption of traditional foods
The main goal of the protocol was to sensitize urban consumers about the value of traditional foods, and to induce increased production, use and consumption of traditional foods which in turn should lead to increased food security and nutrition at household level. The multi-disciplinary committee on traditional foods supervised and co-ordinated the implementation of this activity. The activity started by conducting a survey on the consumption patterns and demand for traditional foods in urban areas in Ndola and Lusaka in 2000. The conclusion was that improving the links between suppliers and consumers could increase consumption of traditional foods. Based on the recommendations in the survey a traditional food recipe book was produced. Other promotional activities included a public launch of the recipe book, radio and TV broadcasting programmes of "Flavours from Home" to promote traditional foods, display of traditional foods on public events and production of T-shirts and posters. One thousand copies of the recipe book were produced and created a lot of demand from the public. The book is believed to have popularized the consumption of traditional food. The 2nd edition of the recipe book came out in 2002.
The committee was composed of specialists from several units within the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries (Animal production, Women and Youth, Extension, Research, Marketing and Policy), as well as the National Agricultural Information Services (NAIS), the National Food and Nutrition Commission (NFNC), the Programme Against Malnutrition (PAM) and the University of Zambia.
Farm animal genetic resources
Fact sheets were developed for 13 indigenous farm animals in Zambia during 2000. This information was compiled into a field guide including a description of the breeds, the natural production environment and breed distribution. The IP support allowed FAO, Zambian partners and the SADC Project on Management of Farm Animal Genetic Resources to collaborate on a more comprehensive breed survey in 2001. An animal breed survey was carried out with IP funding in five provinces, while the surveys in the remaining four provinces were supported by the government of Zambia.
Socio-economic and gender analysis (SEAGA)
Two SEAGA Training of Trainers workshops took place in the beginning of Phase-I (1999 and 2000). This created a high demand for further training in participatory and gender-responsive tools and approaches in Zambia. The 42 participants from the workshops have continued to share their knowledge with colleagues and have promoted the inclusion of gender within their organizations.
Community mobilisation/ Agricultural co-operatives
Training in community mobilisation and agricultural co-operatives was held in the beginning of 2001. The purpose of the training was to improve the skills of female and male field staff and farmer leaders in mobilising men and women farmers into viable groups as well as promoting collaboration among partners involved in rural development work. In collaboration with the Rural Institutions and Participation Service (SDAR) at FAO HQ, relevant training material and an international consultant were identified. Zambian National Farmer's Union (ZNFU) facilitated four five-day training workshops in the districts of Choma, Monze, Kabwe and Mkushi. The trainer received support from one international gender consultant to mainstream gender in planning the training workshops, and from one national facilitator to prepare and carry out the workshops in Zambia.
The Government is responsible for the Environmental Support Programme (ESP). The Environmental Monitoring Information System (EMIS) is one component of the ESP and consists of a forum and several issue-oriented information sub-systems. The mandate of the EMIS Forum is to share information and host a network focusing on five priority environmental issues (soil degradation, air pollution, wildlife depletion and deforestation). In support of this work, the IP facilitated a training workshop for 20 participants in May 2001 on information management, issues and solutions for a National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) and the use of Dynamic Atlas. The Dynamic Atlas allows the user to easily access spatial and tabular data and information without the need for complicated and expensive technologies.
The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources was the key collaborating partner in implementing the activity, but the training also included participants from MAFF, the Environmental Council, Zambia Meteorological Department, the University of Zambia, Siavonga District Council and Lusaka City Council in addition to participants from the FAO
Global Terrestrial Observation System (GTOS) programme in Zimbabwe and South Africa.
As a follow-up to this activity, representatives from Zambia participated at the regional workshop on natural resources and food security information management and exchange in Pretoria organized by Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS), June 2002.
Gender disaggregated data - GDD
The objective of this protocol was to improve the capacity in the IP partner countries to use and include gender-disaggregated data (GDD) in planning, compilation, tabulation and analysis. It also aimed at adding value to national agricultural censuses and surveys by including gender data to a greater extent. MAFF, the Central Statistics Office (CSO) and the IP arranged a GDD workshop in May 2001 with the objective to help participants to develop a better understanding of why gender is important in the collection, management and analysis of data/statistics for agriculture and rural development. The workshop also included practical training in retabulating, analysing and presenting gender disaggregated data. There were also two participants from Namibia and two from Uganda. A final evaluation of the workshop indicated that the participants had found the workshop content and the hands-on approach to be motivating and applicable to their day-to-day working experience.
As a follow up to the workshop in May 2001, a proposal from CSO for re-tabulation of gender statistics was approved. The following activities have been carried out: re-tabulated Post Harvest Survey data for the three agricultural seasons, 1997-98, 1998-99 and 1999-2000; produced data sets and maps compatible with common GIS systems; and prepared gender sensitive reports on the Post Harvest Survey data for the three agricultural seasons. The Re-tabulation started in March 2002 with the assistance of an international and a national consultant. The retabulation exercise also involved the training of eight people from CBO and MOA.
In May 2002 a representative from CBO participated and assisted in the facilitation of the regional GDD training in Zimbabwe. During Phase-II a specialist from CBO has been assisting the IP in Namibia and Uganda in data management.
Adoption of labour saving technologies: the Yenga Press
The main objective of the activity was to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of the existing technology transfer linkages, technology appropriateness and sustainability of the promotion of engendered oilseed processing technologies among the resource poor farmers in Zambia. The results of the assessment study were disseminated in a stakeholders workshop in November 2001. Based on the survey results and the stakeholder consultative/feedback workshop, recommendations were made for improved and sustainable Oilseed Processing Technologies. The main recommendation is to create conducive conditions for establishing the oilseed processing business for enhanced and sustainable up-take and utilisation of Yenga Oil Processing (YOP) technology among smallholder farmers in peri-urban and rural areas. The study showed that promotion of the YOP has contributed to enhanced income and improved nutrition to the YOP owners and affordable sources of cooking oil for the local consumers at household level. The findings provided a way forward in technology transfer and possible Yenga press technology replication at both national and regional level. This protocol was carried out in collaboration with the MAFF and the Africare Oilseed Processing Project, and included also collaboration with research institutions, Zambia National Farmers Union, Agriculture Credit Institutions, NGOs, the private sector and farmers groups.