The main projects during Phase-I were:
IP did not continue in Zimbabwe in Phase-II due to withdrawal of funds by the IP-donor.
Socio-economic and gender analysis (SEAGA)
The IP and the Agricultural Research Council have finalised the implementation of the SEAGA training protocol in Zimbabwe. A total of 43 participants attended the two SEAGA training of training (ToT) workshops organized under the IP in 2000 and 2001. The objective of the workshops was to provide staff/trainers from various ministries, universities and NGOs with an opportunity to develop their skills in facilitation, communication and training and for integrating socio-economic and gender considerations into the development process. The second workshop was facilitated by three trainers trained during the first ToT and one trainer from the SEAGA programme in Rome, and the participants drafted work-plans on how they were going to implement and institutionalise SEAGA within their own organizations.
In addition a joint SEAGA workshop (16 participants) and SEAGA ToT workshop (19 participants) were organized with an EU-project at the end of 2001.
Farm animal genetic resources
In the year 2000, fact sheets on selected breeds and questionnaires for a more comprehensive study were developed. The overall objective of the survey was to obtain reliable estimates of the population sizes and distribution of farm animal genetic resources as well as to determine management and socio-cultural practices employed by farmers in raising the animals. This survey was linked to the UNDP-funded "Management of Farm Animal Genetic Resources in the SADC Sub-region". Zimbabwe has been the pilot country of this project and was the first of the SADC countries to implement the Farm Animal Breed Survey. The survey was conducted during 2000/2001, in eight provinces (three districts per province). As in the other countries, enumerators were trained prior to the surveys. During 2001/2002 data collected were entered into the computer using the pilot of a data management package developed by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI).
Strengthening the pluralistic extension system
Agricultural extension systems in Zimbabwe are characterized by a multitude of actors, perceptions, objectives, practices and strategies. The levels of pluralism and uncoordinated extension services at the grass-roots have led to lower outputs and confusion at the expense of farmers. To improve effectiveness, and to avoid duplication and waste of scarce resources, it is necessary to increase collaboration and coordination. The leading agency for the IP in Zimbabwe, the Agriculture Research Centre, in collaboration with Agritex and many other partners, decided to conduct a study to examine the current status of the local extension system and to develop a collaborative strategy to ensure an effective and efficient extension system.
The main output of this protocol was a comprehensive report including an overview and analysis of all public and private extension service providers, a targeted strategy to enhance co-ordination and collaboration between both public and private extension providers, and a guiding framework for a pilot project to test and promote pluralistic co-ordination among extension service providers. The protocol activities also involved workshops and stakeholder meetings. A working committee was selected by the stakeholders to test the collaborative extension delivery strategy in two pilot farming communities, but this activity could not be implemented due to the political situation.
National food security information networking
The main purpose of this protocol was to develop capacity in data management within institutions dealing with information and data related to the various dimensions of food security. A letter of agreement was signed with ARC, and the activities were implemented in close collaboration with AGRITEX, National Early Warning System (NEWS), Central Statistics Office, Ministry of Land Agriculture and Rural Resettlement, FAO/SADC Regional Remote Sensing Unit and GTOS.
A consultative stakeholder workshop was held in August 2001. The major highlights of this workshop were that most stakeholders felt that users and producers of food security information needed a stronger network to ensure that information is shared effectively and timely for purposes of planning. The participants agreed on the need to improve information collection methods to ensure accuracy.
Stakeholders were trained in data management and the Dynamic Atlas under a joint effort of the IP and GTOS at a one week course in September 2001. One of the main outputs of the workshop was the establishment of a food security information network, but due to the political situation in the country a prototype database has not been established.
The activities under this protocol are closely connected to the protocol discussed below on Food security information dissemination, and as a follow up to these activities, senior decision-makers participated at the Regional Information Management Meeting in South Africa in June 2002.
Food security information dissemination
The main focus of this protocol is to improve information exchange between farmers, researchers and extensionists through a combination of appropriate and user-friendly communication channels. Implementation commenced in 2001. Following the consultative stakeholder workshop, a training needs assessment report of people in information and communication was prepared. SADC CCD was identified to carry out the training. Twenty two people have been trained in Participatory Rural Communication Appraisal (PRCA) techniques.
A catalogue of food security research was compiled outlining food security research and information available in Zimbabwe, particularly for the smallholder farmers. The major finding was that there is extensive and comprehensive research information addressing both relevant and pertinent issues to smallholder agricultural performance and potential. Much of this information is, however, still hidden in various archives and at times was difficult to access. This catalogue has been completed and technically approved by the PITF. Based upon the above activities the plan was to develop and test appropriate information and communication strategies in the field. The fieldwork could however not be carried out due to the political situation.
Gender disaggregated data
A GDD workshop was held from 13-17 May, 2002 in Harare. More than 20 participants from different ministries, research institutions and NGOs attended the workshop. Adapted to a five-day format, the workshop approach incorporated adult learning approaches in line with previous workshops. The workshop included: (1) an overview of gender concepts and issues; (2).a gender assessment of Zimbabwe's Agriculture and Livestock Survey (ALS) - Communal Lands 1999 questionnaire and accompanying documentation; (3).a retabulation of manipulated ALS data, and; (4) an analysis and interpretation of the same data. In light of the suspension of Zimbabwe's IP activities, the final afternoon focused on sharing other IP country's follow-up experiences with a view to providing participants with ideas for their own programmes.