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IP reports and publications, Phase-II (2002-2004)      arrow-dotted.gif (1K)  Phase-I reports

RG_cover_2004 (24K) HIV/AIDS Resource Guide for Extension Workers
The HIV/AIDS Resource Guide for Extension Workers was launched in Uganda on 18 August 2004. The guide has been developed in collaboration between the IP and the National Agricultural Advisory Services in Uganda (NAADS).
The guide is meant as a tool for extension workers to better understand what impacts the HIV/AIDS epidemic has on the agricultural sector and rural livelihoods. Most importantly the Guide aims at increasing the uptake of appropriate responses to the epidemic by the agricultural sector as a whole, community extension workers, and the rural households involved in farming, fishing and livestock. Download Resource Guide in PDF (1200 kB).

zambia-ireland (9K) The impact of HIV/AIDS on rural livelihoods in Northern Province, Zambia (2004)
FAO, in close collaboration with Development Cooperation Ireland (DCI) and the Government of Zambia, has recently completed a household livelihood research among 740 households in the Northern Province of Zambia. The research aimed at gaining a better understanding of the dynamics in assets and livelihood strategies that are induced by the presence of HIV/AIDS and at identifying appropriate livelihood interventions for HIV/AIDS affected and vulnerable households. Download document in PDF (867 kB).

Impacts of HIV/AIDS on agricultural production, food security and rural livelihoods in Namibia, Uganda and Zambia (4 reports published in 2003)
The relationships between HIV/AIDS, gender, food security and rural livelihoods, have been explored in detail by the IP in Namibia, Zambia and Uganda. The findings in the reports below show that the HIV/AIDS epidemic is slowly eroding food security, damaging rural livelihoods, exacerbating poverty and increasing gender inequalities. The reports further identify existing and potential coping strategies for mitigating the impacts, and recommends ways of adopting and supporting the most effective of these.

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  • HIV/AIDS and agriculture: impact and responses - Summary report
    This report summarizes the research through three case studies from Uganda, Zambia and Namibia. In addition to illustrating how different aspects of the epidemic impact rural livelihoods, the report also looks at the implications of the epidemic on the policy environment. Executive summary. Download document in PDF (731 kB).

  • UGANDA: The survey represents three different rural livelihood systems - mixed agriculture, fisheries and pastoral in the Lake Victoria Crescent agro-ecological zone. Executive summary. Download document in PDF (832 kB).

  • ZAMBIA: The survey was conducted in Choma, Monze and Sinazongwe districts in Southern Province, Zambia. Executive summary. Download document in PDF (578 kB).

  • NAMIBIA: The survey represents three rural districts in the Ohangwena Region in Northern Namibia. Executive summary. Download document in PDF (428 kB).

You can find a summary of the impacts here or download an 8-pages brochure in PDF. If you are not able to download the brochure or reports, please contact the integrated-programme@fao.org to obtain copies.

IP reports from Phase-I (1998-2002)

UGANDA: Study report on mainstreaming HIV/AIDS in agricultural extension
Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industries and Fisheries (MAAIF), Uganda, April 2002
Executive summary
Download report in PDF (590 KB)

Abstract: The IP protocol on mainstreaming HIV/AIDS awareness in agriculture extension involved the completion of a study which provides insights on the impact of HIV/AIDS on agricultural production crops, livestock and fisheries) and food security and provides information on the constraints faced by extension staff in addressing HIV/AIDS. The report based on the study proposes a strategy for developing and integrating HIV/AIDS messages into agricultural extension.

UGANDA: Study on support for transfer, adoption and dissemination of labour saving technologies
by National Agricultural Research Organisation (NARO)
Uganda, 2002
Executive summary
Download report in PDF (952 KB)

Abstract: Improved forage chopping, farm/household water lifting and small scale irrigation technologies have been adopted and promoted for use under Uganda's conditions. The adoption and dissemination tended to be slow. In addition, knowledge on the appropriateness, relevance and effectiveness of such technologies has hitherto been lacking. A study was conducted to assess the constraints on adoption, transfer and dissemination of the selected forage chopper and treadle pump technologies, as well as their strengths and the opportunities they provide for reducing the farm workload and raising household livelihoods with particular focus on women and youth. Findings of the study confirm that the improved forage chopper attributes have the potential to address the constraints encountered by farmers in forage chopping. Farm water conveyance and pumping constraints lead to intensive labour use practices and poor livestock productivity and it is a need for water acquisition technologies. Roof rain water harvesting is rarely invested in by most farmers although it was evident from households with roof water collection capacity that their water constraint was grossly reduced. Slow adoption to this technology shows that there is a need to explore a range of methods to deliver agricultural engineering extension messages to the farmers.

ZAMBIA: Adoption of Promising Potential Oilseed Production and Village Level Processing Technologies: A case study of the Yenga Press Oil Processor
by Hamazakaza P. Hamusimbi C. Kadimba N. Kapunda C. and Ndambo N., Farming Systems Association of Zambia
January 2002
Executive summary
Download report in PDF (601 KB)

Abstract: The Oilseed Processing Technology Survey assesses the effectiveness and efficiency of the Yenga oil press (YOP) technology transfer linkages, technology appropriateness for small holder farmers as a means of income generation and nutrition security and sustainability of the promotion of engendered oilseed promotion technologies for the resource poor farmers in Zambia. The survey is intended to assist stakeholders in coming up with technology dissemination strategies necessary for sustainable YOP adoption and utilization at national and regional level. The study shows that promotion of the YOP has contributed to enhanced income and improved nutrition to the YOP owners and affordable sources of cooking oil for the local consumers at household level. There has also been increased demand for improved cultivars of sunflower seed, higher demand for YOP and enhanced national level and regional stakeholder collaboration.

ZIMBABWE: Strengthening the Pluralistic Agricultural Extension System: A Case Study
by B.T.Hanyani-Mlambo, Agricultural Research Council (ARC), Zimbabwe
January 2002.
Executive summary
Download report in PDF (590 KB)

Abstract: The agricultural extension system in Zimbabwe is characterized by a multitude of actors, perceptions, objectives, practices and strategies. The levels of pluralism and uncoordinated extension services at the grass-roots level have led to lower outputs and confusion at an expense to farmers. To improve effectiveness, avoid duplication and wastage of scarce resources, it is necessary to increase collaboration and coordination. A study was conducted in Phase I to examine the current status of the public and private extension services providers. The study proposes a number of collaboration strategies that could improve coordination and linkages between various service providers. The strategies for achieving effective linkages and sustainable development require a thorough understanding of institutional and organizational politics, because organizations often have divergent and sometimes complex and hidden agendas.

NAMIBIA: The status of urban and peri-urban agriculture in Windhoek and Oshakati
by Dima, Ogunmokun and Nantanga, University of Namibia (UNAM) and Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Rural Development (MAWRD), Namibia
February 2002
Executive summary
Download report in PDF (425 KB)

Abstract: Because of the lack of data on urban and peri-urban agriculture, a study was carried out in two cities in Namibia. The objective was to produce a list of current farming activities, assess the levels of utilization of the produce, explore the socio-cultural aspects of urban farming, determine the gender specific constraints in urban and peri-urban agriculture and to devise strategies for efficient peri-urban farming and transfer of the knowledge gained to other urban areas in Namibia. The study showed that urban and peri-urban agriculture is practised by over 70% of the residents of Windhoek and Oshakati, and that over 23 types of vegetables and fruit trees are grown on tiny plots. Most of the produce is consumed by the household and contributes to improvement of their nutritional status. The absence of policy on urban and peri-urban agriculture is seen as a serious constraint towards its intensification and development, and it was recommended that the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Rural Development in consultation with the municipalities and the Ministries of Environment and Tourism and Regional and Local Government and Housing and other stakeholders evolve a policy on urban and peri-urban agriculture.

ZAMBIA: Recipe book on traditional foods
Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries (MAFF), Zambia

Abstract: After concern was raised about the high levels of malnutrition in urban areas and the low availability of information regarding the nutritive value of traditional foods a survey was completed under phase I, to determine the consumption patterns and demand for traditional foods. From this survey a number of constraints to the urban consumption of traditional food were discovered which lead to several recommendations including sensitizing consumers to the nutritional value of traditional foods, to methods of preparation and preservation and to improving the marketing and quality of these products. The follow up to this activity was the production of a traditional food recipe book, which aims to popularise traditional foods. This recipe book contains a variety of delicious dishes which can be prepared with traditional foods. The Traditional Food Recipe book was launched October 2001, and the second edition was printed in the beginning of 2002.

FAO: Lessons Learnt Report
by Susanne Muller and Esther S. Wiegers, FAO, Roma
January 2002
Executive summary

Abstract: The IP is one of the first programmes at FAO to focus on increasing the collaboration between different technical units within FAO and at the country level. Many challenges were faced when getting the programme off the ground, highlighting the fact that it is not easy to develop and implement sustainable agricultural development programmes in a more integrated and collaborative way. Due to the importance of learning where obstacles to collaboration exist, IP with the help of an external consultant decided to write and disseminate a lessons learnt report based on discussions with NTF members, National Facilitators, PITF members, FAO resource persons and FAO PAIA managers and an extensive literature review on the challenges and success factors related to developing and managing collaborative alliances.This paper elaborates where the difficulties in cross-sectoral collaboration and interdisciplinary endeavours lie and makes valuable recommendations for cross-sectoral collaboration within FAO and sectoral organisations in the field and the development of phase II.

FAO: Guide for Gender-disaggregated data in agriculture and rural development
by John Curry and Catherine Hill, FAO, Rome
August 2002
Download the Guide for Facilitators in PDF(2,100 KB)

Abstract: FAO has increased its support to Member Nations to assist in producing and using gender-disaggregated data and statistics. Between 2000-2002, the Gender and Development Service (SDWW) developed a training methodology and materials to help improve the skills of agricultural data producers such as statisticians, planners, and policy analysts in this area. Under the IP, SDWW developed and tested the methodology and materials with partners in Namibia, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. They were also tested at a workshop in Romania for Central and Eastern European Countries. Based on the experience and inputs from these workshops, a Facilitators Guide for Gender-disaggregated data in agriculture and rural development has been compiled. This guide includes:

  • Training methodology and facilitation plans for a 10 day workshop (which can be adapted to different time frames)
  • Handouts
  • Sample tabulation plans
  • Sample graphs
  • Overhead presentations
  • Computer software help-guide
The training materials are translated into Spanish and French. See also article on the SD-dimensions website http://www.fao.org/sd/2002/PE0901_en.htm.

Comments or questions? Please contact webmaster at integrated-programme@fao.org
Updated September 2004