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No.6/September 2003 UPDATE
Content: Activities - Publications - Upcoming events
IP-Uganda In Uganda, the HIV/AIDS impact study findings were shared with stakeholders in Masaka and Luweero districts in June, involving local government departments, civil society organizations, faith-based organisations and extension workers from communities where the study was conducted. Stakeholders identified local initiatives to collaborate with in future responses and suggested a range of possible mitigation strategies that included promotion of labour saving technologies, improving nutrition, encouraging labour pooling, reinforcing community based mechanisms to preserve local knowledge and diversification of livelihoods. Based on these suggestions, the IP has decided to implement the following two projects in Uganda:
HIV/AIDS integral resource training materials: The project will mainly focus on the development of training materials for frontline extension workers and a sensitisation workshop at the districts level in Masaka, Iganga and Luweero districts. A joint undertaking by IP and FNPP (FAO Netherland's Partnership Programme) in Masaka will support institutional analysis and training of front-line extension workers and CBO staff in Bukakata Sub-County. The resource material will enable agriculture extension workers to address emerging needs of households affected by HIV/AIDS, and to advise on appropriate responses.
A participatory communication campaign: This project will design and test a participatory multi-media communication campaign on HIV/AIDS and agriculture by using radio, posters and community theatre in Masaka and Luweero. The campaign aims at improving local awareness and up-take of messages related to what households and communities can practically do to tackle and alleviate some of the negative impacts of HIV/AIDS on their livelihoods, agricultural production and food security. The messages will be linked to the resource training material above. A local NGO, the Uganda Media Women Association (UMWA), will assist in the coordination of the campaign.
The IP is currently establishing district and national level multi-sectoral groups to participate in the development of training resource materials and to design the communication campaign, a process aimed at ensuring representation of the local needs and ownership of the products.
Nutritional awareness and promotional campaign: The IP baseline survey showed that most rural households lack knowledge on utilisation of locally available foods to meet their nutritional needs despite the diversity of food crops they grow. The project will involve promotion of consumption and processing of traditional/locally available foods to assist improving the food and nutrition situations of HIV/AIDS affected households. Collaborating services at FAO/HQ: ENSP and SDW.
Information packaging and dissemination on HIV/AIDS impacts on rural livelihoods: Information on impacts of HIV/AIDS on agricultural production, food and nutrition security among rural households will be packaged and disseminated to critical stakeholders. Information will also include examples of appropriate and sustainable mitigation measures against the HIV/AIDS pandemic's impacts on rural livelihoods.
The target groups are households in the three communities of Monze, Choma and Sinazongwe districts where the IP baseline survey was conducted, and in particular female headed households, widows and households fostering orphans.
Activities related to the IP in Zambia:
As of the beginning of September, the Government of Ireland has been supporting an HIV/AIDS related project through the FAO Office in Zambia with technical backstopping from SDW. The title of the project is: Improving Rural Livelihoods of HIV/AIDS Affected Households in Northern Province, Zambia. Through this new project, household livelihood research will be conducted in 2003. As a contribution to the project, the IP is funding a two-week SEAGA training workshop, with a special emphasis on gender issues in household resource management in the context of the pandemic. The training, being held between 1 and 12 September, is specifically directed towards the teams who will conduct the research in Northern Province, and includes participatory appraisal tools, facilitation and survey techniques and information on HIV/AIDS, gender, and rural livelihoods linkages. This will give the research team and extension workers a solid basis for the field work (to be conducted 25 Sept-18 Oct 2003).
The Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MACO) in Zambia has formally requested FAO assistance to build institutional capacity in mitigating HIV/AIDS impact on the agricultural sector in Zambia. A TCP proposal on this topic is presently under review at FAO Headquarters in Rome.
The IP in Namibia organized feedback meetings in the communities that had been surveyed in Ohangwena Region and consultative meetings with regional stakeholders in May and June 2003. During these meetings they decided on priority areas and established mechanisms for effective coordination and implementation of HIV/AIDS mitigation activities in target communities. In Namibia the IP is implementing activities related to the following four areas (key partners in parentheses):
Prevention of asset stripping (The Ministry of Women Affairs and Child Welfare - MWACW): The survey found that 44% of the widows had lost cattle, 28% had lost small livestock and 41% had lost farm equipment to relatives after the household's male head had died. The project will sensitize and train local leaders and community base support workers in the use of appropriate materials on the rights of women, orphans and vulnerable children in affected communities. Collaborating services at FAO/HQ: SDAA (FAOSAFR).
Youth mobilization and capacity building (Ministry of High Education, Training and Employment Creation - MHETEC): The objective with this project is to support intergenerational transfer of agricultural knowledge and skills. Activities will include leadership training, and capacity building related to HIV/AIDS, nutrition and income generation. Collaborating services at FAO/HQ: SDRE and SDW.
Provide more responsive rural services to households affected by HIV/AIDS: (Ministry of Health and Social Services - MoHSS in Ohangwena region): Information on food security and nutrition for PLWHA has been identified as major knowledge gap. Appropriate material will be developed and reproduced, and home-based care, health and extension workers will be trained together. Local materials, in particular a book developed by Catholic AIDS Action called "Healthy eating for people living with HIV/AIDS" will be adapted. Collaborating services at FAO/HQ: ESNP and SDW.
Promote sustainable agricultural production and access to resources for vulnerable group within affected communities (Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Rural Development MAWRD - regional extension office and NOREESP): The project plans are still being developed, but they intend to have a main emphasis on poultry production.
For more information about the IP activities in:
IP baseline survey reports:
Impacts of HIV/AIDS on rural livelihoods and agriculture in Namibia, Uganda and Zambia
Documentary: "Sowing Seeds of Hunger"
HIV/AIDS and Food Security website
SEAGA training for IP stakeholders
Research methods workshop:
Gender-disaggregated data and social research methods in the context of HIV/AIDS
Consequently, the FAO IP and the Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA, http://www.asareca.org/) will hold a two-week regional workshop in Uganda on Gender-disaggregated Data (GDD) and social research methods in the context of HIV/AIDS from 3-14 November 2003.
The purpose is to enhance the capacity of national agricultural research-extension systems to conduct relevant social research on the impacts of HIV/AIDS on farming systems and rural livelihoods to guide agricultural policy and planning for HIV/AIDS impact mitigation. The workshop will provide training in both quantitative and qualitative social research methods, and will target social researchers working for the ASARECA regional agricultural research networks and from the IP countries.
For more information, please contact Alessandra.Garbero@fao.org or Isaac J. Minde at ASARECA, (firstname.lastname@example.org).
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Updated September 2003
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