Posted May 2000
Jacques du Guerny
Population Programme Service (SDWP)
FAO Women and Population Division
South East Asia HIV and Development Project (SEAHIV-UNDP)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
For HIV to spread within a population, unprotected sex, networks with multiple partners, and the sharing of drug paraphernalia are some of the required factors. To move the virus from one population to another, human mobility is usually required.1 Population movement is a potentially significant factor in relation to the spread of the epidemics particularly when unprotected sex is practised in the sending and receiving countries.
Many studies have attempted to explain why populations move and the levels and trends of these movements. Triggers to movement may be grouped under the umbrella of development level differentials. These differentials may also increase vulnerability to HIV, particularly when difficulties occur in adopting safe sexual behaviours.
The purpose of this study is to examine how trends in development have substantially encouraged the considerable movement of populations that may be contributing to an increase in the spread of HIV. Development and its relationship to population movement is also studied to identify potential development strategies which could inadvertently facilitate the spread of HIV and may require revision to reduce HIV vulnerability. Such revisions may also provide an improved environment to change situations of risk.
Go to complete article, courtesy of UNDP: HIV and development in Asia and the Pacific
1 Skeldon, R., 2000. Population Mobility and HIV Vulnerability in South East Asia: An Assessment and Analysis, UNDP, South East Asia HIV and Development Project, Bangkok, Thailand. This is a complementary paper stressing the importance of population mobility and interaction with local communities.