Gender and development People

Posted February 1999

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Good practices in gender mainstreaming and implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action

FAO Project sheet: Honduras

Project Title: "Incorporation of farmer women to the productive process and consolidation of the reformed sector groups"
Project duration: Stage I (1983-1986): Credit and technical assistance; Stage II (1987-1989): Training; Stage III (1993 - on-going): Institutionalisation
Executing agency/agencies: FAO and UNDP
Implementing agency/agencies: Professional Training Institute (PTI), "Save the Children" (NGO), National Agrarian Institute (INA), Natural Resources Secretariat (SRN), Agricultural Development National Bank (BANADESA).
Project cost: US$ 151,820 (FAO, Government of the Netherlands, Government of Norway)

Overview

In Honduras, promotion of women's participation in productive activities began in the 1970's in order to strengthen the "reformed sector" made up of organised farmer groups that had benefited from the agrarian reform. The Agrarian Reform Program appropriated 225,000 hectares of land, benefiting around 1,800 farmer enterprises, of which only 70% were allotted parcels of land. Within farmer enterprises of the reformed sector, women usually participate in agricultural activities as men's "assistants", cultivating the family or collective parcels of land. Sometimes they are remunerated for their work, however, their wages are always inferior to men's.

In order to continue with the promotion of work, the Government of Honduras agreed together with UNDP and FAO to execute the project. This was the first step in a process which is still ongoing and which has been developed through five projects funded by the Government of the Netherlands and FAO, in three phases. The first two phases were based on the Women in Development (WID) approach, whilst the last phase was based on the gender approach. Work has been carried out directly with women and grassroots groups through a bottom-up approach, to create conditions that would subsequently permit the integration of a gender perspective in institutional/ organisational structures and in government policies and programmes.

Specific changes resulting from the project

What was planned

First phase objectives:
  1. Provide technical support for the organisation of women;
  2. Provide technical and financial assistance for the identification, proposal and execution of small projects that would contribute to improve family incomes and to stimulate the participation of women;
  3. Provide technical and entrepreneurial management training to the beneficiaries.

Second phase objectives:

  1. Reinforce the organization of rural women;
  2. Sensitise the rural population, and the government staff;
  3. Improve agricultural training techniques;
  4. they can strengthen their role in the family economy;
  5. Train women farmers to act as intermediaries between the extension system and groups of local women.

Third phase objectives:

  1. Institutionalise the training methodology of Link Producers (LPs) to guarantee the expansion, consolidation and sustainability of the results achieved in previous years;
  2. Strengthen the organised groups of women farmers through technical follow-up of their activities by the NGOs and rural organisations;
  3. Promote a more extensive and effective participation of women in the agrarian reform process through revision and efficient application of the policy regarding women;
  4. Define the role of NGOs and Rural Organisations.

What was the strategy

It was considered essential to adopt a strategy directed towards:

Who was involved

The Professional Training Institute (PTI) and the NGO "Save the Children" for LP training. Honduran Foundation for Mixed Farming research and six rural organisations. The National Agrarian Institute (INA). The Natural resources Secretariat (SRN). The Agricultural Development National Bank (BANADESA).

Replication/spin effects

What was learned, factors contributing to success


For more information, contact:
Women in Development Service
Women and Population Division
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100, Rome, Italy
Tel: +39.06.5705.5102 Fax: +39.06.5705.2004

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