Small Island Developing States

Because of their geographic isolation or limited natural resources, Small Island Developing States (SIDS) often share a unique set of circumstances, such as vulnerability to natural disasters or reliance on imports. These result in a complex set of food security and nutrition challenges. FAO supports SIDS through policy advice, analysis and technical assistance in agriculture, fisheries, forestry and natural resources management. In its efforts to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, FAO is helping SIDS create enabling environments for food security and nutrition, transform food systems to improve nutrition-sensitivity, resilience and sustainability and empower people and communities to lead healthy and productive lives.

Global Action Programme on Food Security and Nutrition in Small Island Developing States

Global Action Programme on Food Security and Nutrition in Small Island Developing States

Supporting the implementation of the Samoa Pathway

The Small Island Developing States share vulnerabilities that result in a complex set of food security and nutrition challenges. The complexity and magnitude of these challenges are far too great for any one agency, organization or country to solve on their own. Closer international cooperation and a more integrated approach are needed so that all stakeholders can play their part in supporting SIDS in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

Global Action Programme: Key Facts and Figures

UNDERNOURISHMENT

Stunting exceeds 20% in children in the poorest SIDS.

Wasting is still at serious levels in a few countries.


OBESITY

One third of adults in Caribbean countries are obese

75% of all adult deaths in the Pacific are due to non-communicable diseases;

Obesity rates among adult women reached over 50 percent in 5 SIDS.


IMPORTS

Food imports will increase to USD 8-10 billion by 2020 if nothing changes.

Almost all Caribbean and Pacific SIDS import over 60% of food; 50% of islands import over 80%

Top 5 food imports: processed foods, wheat, corn, meat; dairy.


DOMESTIC PRODUCTION

52% of the agricultural workforce are women who do not have the same access to land, resources or credit, as men.

Fish provides 50-90% of animal protein in diets.