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Small Island Developing States

FAO supports SIDS through policy advice, analysis and technical assistance in agriculture, fisheries, forestry and natural resources management in its efforts to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, creating enabling environments for food security and nutrition; to transform food systems to improve nutrition-sensitivity, resilience and sustainability; and to empower people and communities to lead healthy and productive lives.

Global Action Programme on Food Security and Nutrition in Small Island Developing States

Global Action Programme on Food Security and Nutrition in Small Island Developing States

Supporting the implementation of the Samoa Pathway

The Small Island Developing States (SIDS) share unique and particular vulnerabilities, resulting in a complex set of food security and nutrition challenges. The complexity and magnitude of these challenges are daunting and far too great for any one agency, organization or country to solve on their own. Closer international cooperation and a more integrated approach are needed so that all stakeholders can play their part in supporting SIDS in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

Food Security and Nutrition: Key Facts and Figures


Levels of undernutrition in SIDS have fallen in recent years, but not as rapidly as in developing countries as a whole;

STUNTING exceeds 20% in children in 5 of the poorest SIDS;

Wasting is still at serious levels in a few countries > 10%.


Caribbean countries average 33% obesity in their populations;

At least twice the number of obese women as men;

75% of all adult deaths in the Pacific are due to non-communicable diseases;

25% of AIMS countries have rates of female obesity at around 40%.


Will increase to $8-10 billion by 2020 if nothing changes;

All Caribbean and Pacific SIDS import over 60% of food, 50% of islands import over 80%;

Top 5 food imports: processed foods, wheat, corn, meat; dairy.


of the agricultural workforce are women who do not have the same access to land, resources or credit, as men;

FISH PROVIDES 50-90% of animal protein in diets;

Food production ranges from 28% to 71% of domestic requirements in the Caribbean.