Men and women in agriculture: closing the gap


Livestock are key asset in rural areas.In many countries, livestock are one of the most valuable agricultural assets and represent a source of income and wealth accumulation as well as an important source of resistance to shocks. Draught animals are also the main source of power for ploughing, land clearing and transportation in many regions. The evidence for livestock holdings points to systematic gender inequalities. The livestock holdings of female farmers are much smaller than those of men in all countries for which data are available, and women earn less than men from their livestock holdings. Women are also much less likely to own large animals, such as cattle and oxen, which are useful as draught animals.

Key facts

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  1. FAO. 2009. The State of Food and Agriculture 2009. Livestock in the balance. Rome.
  2. P.K. Thornton, R.L. Kruska, N. Henninger, P.M. Kristjanson, R.S. Reid, F. Atieno, A.N. Odero & T. Ndegwa. 2002. Mapping poverty and livestock in the developing world. Nairobi, ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute).
SOFA 2010-2011


FAO Gender Programme
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

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