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Soil properties

Cabbage seedlings in Senegal

Soil quality varies and soils respond differently, depending on the management inputs. Elements of the soil quality include physical, chemical and biological properties. Soil quality has both inherent and dynamic characteristics.

Soil health has been defined as "the continued capacity of the soil to function as a vital living system, within ecosystem and land-use boundaries, to sustain biological productivity, promote the quality of air and water environments, and maintain plant, animal, and human health" (John Doran)