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Sustainable Food and Agriculture


Increase productivity, employment and value addition in food systems

  • Modifying current practices can do much to improve the productivity of many food and agricultural production systems.
  • This principle focuses on the engine of transformation. Further gains in productivity will still be needed in the future to ensure sufficient supply of food and other agricultural products while limiting the expansion of agricultural land and containing encroachment on natural ecosystems. However, while in the past efficiency has been mostly expressed in terms of yield (kg per hectare of production), future productivity increase will now need to consider other dimensions. Water and energy-smart production systems will become increasingly important as water scarcity increases and as agriculture will need to seek ways to reduce emission of greenhouse gas. This will impact on the use of fertilizers and other agricultural inputs. 



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