Sustainable Development Goals

Indicator 14.7.1 - Sustainable fisheries as a percentage of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries

This indicator is intended to measure the value of sustainable fisheries. It is expressed as a percentage of the country’s Gross domestic product (GDP). Data will be produced for all countries and aggregated for Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and Least Developed Countries (LDCs). The indicator will measure progress towards SDG Target 14.7. 

By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism.

Sustainable Fisheries as a Percentage of GDP by region, 2011 – 2017


Together with the other indicators under SDG 14, it will form a picture of marine activity giving countries intelligence on optimum levels of fishing, aquaculture expansion and fair and secure access to living aquatic resources.

Key results

Fisheries and aquaculture offer ample opportunities to alleviate poverty, hunger and malnutrition, generate economic growth and ensure better use of natural resources. 57 million people worked in the primary sector of capture fisheries, the vast majority in small-scale fisheries.

Nonetheless, today, overfishing is threatening livelihoods. Almost a third of marine fish stocks were fished at biologically unsustainable levels in 2013. Unmanaged expansion of aquaculture can cause pollution and habitat degradation.

Seeking to operationalize this indicator, FAO has concentrated its efforts on understanding the value of income from fisheries as a whole, recognizing that GDP is a measure of economic activity which has been frequently used for as a proxy for well-being.

FAO is identifying potential data sources and will continue to liaise with other agencies and interested countries/parties to prepare a proposal.

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