Sustainable Development Goals

Approach to food security prominent in Addis Ababa Action Agenda


Food security, nutrition, sustainable agriculture, and sustainable management and use of natural resources and ecosystems have received strong recognition in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development, an agreement that will play a crucial role in helping to realize the ambitious post-2015 sustainable development agenda.

The Addis Ababa Action Agenda, which builds on the Monterrey Consensus (2002) and the Doha Declaration (2008) in aiming to establish a policy framework on development finance and to generate investments for tackling a range of economic, social and environmental challenges, begins “Our goal is to end poverty and hunger…”, while reference to “agriculture” appears frequently in the document.

A dedicated paragraph on hunger eradication (paragraph 13) reflects the comprehensive approach of SDG2, which focuses on food security, malnutrition, and sustainable agricultural practices and food systems. Paragraph 13 recognizes that the majority of the poor live in rural areas, and emphasizes the “need to revitalize the agricultural sector, (and) promote rural development”. A focus on food security would “lead to rich payoffs across the sustainable development goals”, a point highlighted by FAO throughout the post-2015 process.

Mention is also made in the same paragraph to encouraging increased public and private investments; focusing efforts on smallholders and women farmers, agricultural cooperatives and farmers’ networks; improving access to markets, enabling domestic and international environments; and the role of social safety nets. Financing research, infrastructure and pro-poor initiatives are highlighted for increasing public investment commitments. The value of the Committee on World Food Security, the 2014 Rome Declaration on Nutrition and the Framework for Action, and the Rome-based UN agencies, FAO, IFAD and WFP, also features.

Paragraphs 63 and 64 of the Addis Ababa Action Agenda are dedicated to natural resources, with significant emphasis on ecosystems and the sustainable management and use of both terrestrial and marine resources.

Foundation for implementing SDGs

The Addis Ababa Action Agenda provides an important contribution for implementing the global sustainable development agenda that world leaders are expected to adopt this September. The agreement was reached by the 193 UN Member States attending the Conference, following negotiations in Addis under the leadership of Ethiopian Foreign Minister Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

The agreement, adopted after months of negotiations between countries, marks a milestone in forging financial priorities and an enhanced global intergovernmental partnership that aim to foster universal, inclusive economic prosperity and improve people’s well-being while protecting the environment.

The Addis Ababa Action Agenda includes important policy commitments and key deliverables in critical areas for sustainable development, including infrastructure, social protection and technology. There were agreements for international cooperation for financing of specific areas where significant investments are needed, such as in infrastructure for energy, transport, water and sanitation, and other areas to help realize the proposed sustainable development goals. 

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