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可持续发展目标

粮农组织与2015年后发展议程

粮农组织相信,粮食安全能够作为国际社会在缔造一个可持续未来方面面临的各种不同挑战的共同主线。

通过其在可持续发展的三个方面的经验和专业知识,本组织支持决策者们塑造2030年的议程。在2015年后初步的进程中,成员国帮助粮农组织确定了14个主题工作领域(添加链接),为可持续发展目标开放性工作组的工作提供技术专知。这些主题以粮农组织的总体目标为基础——消除饥饿、粮食不安全和营养不良;消除贫困;以及自然资源可持续管理和利用,而且与粮农组织的 五大战略目标密切相联。

粮农组织在2013年5月的第3次开放性工作组会议(开放工作组的页面链接)上共同牵头了有关可持续农业的机构间专题文件(与农发基金)以及有关粮食安全与营养的机构间专题文件(与世界粮食计划署和农发基金)的编写;它还在2014年2月的第8次开放性工作组会议上与联合国环境署共同牵头了有关海洋、森林和生物多样性的专题文件的编写。

粮农组织共同牵头起草了开放性工作组提出的17个可持续发展目标中三个目标的技术意见,它们是:粮食安全、营养和可持续农业(与农发基金和世界粮食计划署一道);海洋资源和海洋;以及生态系统和生物多样性,同时也向其他若干重点领域提出了专业意见。

组织还在以下领域的专题文件的编写中提供了协助:水和卫生;干旱、土地退化和荒漠化;就业和体面的工作、社会保护、青年;包容性经济增长;宏观经济政策、贸易;能源;实施手段;特殊形势国家的需求;人权;全球治理;可持续生产和消费、气候变化、降低灾害风险;性别平等。

粮农组织将继续为2015年后的进程的谈判阶段提供技术支持,包括确定可行的指标和适当的执行方式。它有助于为通知参与成员国、利益相关者和公众而设计的事件的主办和组织能力。

广泛的磋商 - 全球对话

2015年后框架即将要到来的一个主要目标是涉及公众和其他利益相关者 - 民间社会和小生产者,企业和私营部门,研究机构和学术界 - 在帮助其塑造新的发展目标。

The United Nations system played a facilitating role in this global conversation. Along with close to 100 national and regional consultations, and a public survey, the UN Development Group (UNDG) identified 11 themes around which UN agencies were invited to organize formal and informal meetings with different stakeholders on current and emerging challenges, while highlighting key priorities for the new agenda.

Hunger, food security and nutrition

FAO and WFP co-led the global thematic consultation on Hunger, Food Security and Nutrition, supported by IFAD, and other UN agencies and programmes, including the SG’s High Level Task Force (HLTF) on Global Food Security, Unicef and the World Bank. The governments of Colombia and Spain sponsored the consultation.

With the aim of engaging a broad range of actors in collecting views on lessons learned from MDGs and the post-2015 development agenda, the three-phase consultation culminated in the Madrid Statement

Consultation on hunger, food security and nutrition

1. An on-line discussion (see: Issues Paper available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish)

2. WFP-FAO convened consultation of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) (see: vision and building blocks for a global agenda EN/ES/FR)

3. A High-level consultation hosted by the Governments of Spain and Colombia, Madrid, 4 April 2013 (see: Background and Agenda of the Madrid High-Level Consultation)

Under the leadership of different UN agencies, FAO was also involved in eight other global thematic consultations - environmental sustainability; education; governance; inequalities; population dynamics; growth and employment; water and sanitation; and energy. The other two were health; and conflict and fragility

“Hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition can be ended sustainably by 2025. The eradication of hunger and malnutrition must be definitive and irreversible based on the right of everyone to safe, sufficient, nutritious and affordable food. This vision is achievable. Bold and effective action is urgent and both a moral and political imperative.”

- taken from the Synthesis Report from the High Level Consultation (HLC) on Hunger, Food Security and Nutrition in the Post-2015 Development Agenda, Madrid, March 2013

In 2014, a second round of consultations involving stakeholders focused on means of implementation of a post-2015 Agenda, and was held at national level with leadership of UN entities at global level.

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