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Sustainable Development Goals

Background

On 25 September 2015, the UN’s 193 Member States adopted new global goals for the next 15 years (2016-30) at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in New York. “Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals.

Issues related to food and agriculture are comprehensively integrated among the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets. SDG1, End poverty, includes targets related to social protection, land rights and resilience, while SDG2 is dedicated to ending hunger, improving food security and nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture. The link between food security and natural resources features prominently in SDG14, oceans and marine resources, SDG15, ecosystems, biodiversity, forests and land, as well as SDGs on water, energy, gender, climate, and consumption and production.

FAO, which has provided technical support to UN Member States throughout the Post-2015 process, will continue to work with countries and partners in implementing and monitoring the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Global development goals

The SDGs supersede the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which provided milestones for global and national development endeavours up until the end of 2015.

The post-2015 development agenda was led by UN Member States with support from the UN system and input from multiple stakeholders. While MDGs focused on developing countries, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are “universally applicable to all countries while taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting national policies and priorities”. Concluding a process that lasted more than two years, Member States agreed an outcome document in August 2015, Transforming our world: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Beyond 2015

Reviewing the UN's role, capacity and readiness to support countries as they implement the 2030 Agenda, the UN System Chief Executives Board for Coordination (CEB) identified five driving elements: being “fit for purpose,” universality, integration, human rights, equality and data for development.

The High-level Political Forum on sustainable development (HLPF), set up at Rio+20, has become the main body for monitoring, follow-up and review of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It meets every four years at the level of Heads of State and Government under the auspices of the UNGA, and every year under the auspices of ECOSOC.

 

 

 

 

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