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Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Toolbox

Forest Protected Areas

Welcome to the Forest Protected Areas Module, which is intended for forest managers and others who want to know more about the planning and management of forest protected areas and their purposes, benefits, governance, challenges, limitations and potential.

The module provides both basic and more detailed information on the planning and management of forest protected areas, links to tools to assist in addressing various facets of forest protected-area management, and case studies on the sustainable management of forest protected areas.

This paper is a case study on the attempt to address the issues of implementing new legislation and strengthen existing ones for more effective management of Jamaica’s National Parks done by the Government of Jamaica (GOJ) since 1987. Since then, a Green paper on National Parks and Protected Areas was...
The aim of this report is to summarize the scope and scale of ASM in protected areas and critical ecosystems worldwide, describe its known effects, document and study attempted solutions, and offer an initial set of recommendations. While this report provides background on some of the current issues in the...
When the first management plan for the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area was being developed, an insistent question kept emerging: ‘How would we know if management under the plan was actually achieving its objectives?’ To address this question, the Parks and Wildlife Service set out to develop a practical system...
This study assesses local knowledge and perceptions of biodiversity issues among members of specific co-management insistutions, and among local people who do not belong to these bodies. The study considers how local knowledge is incorporated into park management. The findings reveal that the current co-management Council and Committee members possess...
This report summarises some compensatory conservation experiences that cover a broad range of circumstances and goals, and were for the large part not designed as BIODIVERSITY OFFSETS as defined in the BBOP principles. The case studies cover a variety of experiences: biodiversity offsets designed to achieve net gain or no...
Eliciting the economic benefits provided by protected areas is important in order to ensure that they are properly considered in policy and decision making. There are relatively few studies that provide a comprehensive overview of the economic benefits provided by European forest ecosystems, in spite of the large share of...
This report contains compelling evidence that the completion of a protected areas network in western Canada’s north would have significant economic and social benefits for northern communities. Due to abundant wilderness and intact watersheds, the report shows that communities in Canada’s north are well positioned to take advantage of economic...
Basic principles for the design of protected area networks are well established in the scientific literature. However, the application of generically-defined concepts to a specific landscape, such as the boreal forest, is not a simple matter. In some cases considerable effort will be required in adapting concepts to the boreal...
National parks and wildlife sanctuaries are under threat both physically and as a social ideal in Indonesia following the collapse of the Suharto New Order regime (1967–1998). Opinion-makers perceive parks as representing elite special interest, constraining economic development and/or indigenous rights. This article investigate which was the original intention and who...
The concept of the Biosphere Reserve is one of the major innovations in natural resources management, providing a framework to relate management directly to the needs of the people. Its bold goal is to promote a balanced relationship between people and their environment, and thus to serve human needs by...
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