Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Toolbox

Forest Restoration and Rehabilitation

Welcome to the Forest Restoration and Rehabilitation Module, which is intended for people involved in afforestation and reforestation programmes. The module establishes the difference between forest restoration and rehabilitation and sets out the main steps involved in both.

The module provides basic and more detailed information on forest restoration and rehabilitation, as well as links to key tools and case studies of effective restoration and rehabilitation efforts.

Upon request from the Governments of Burkina Faso, Chad, Kenya, Niger, Senegal and Sudan, and funded by the Government of Italy through the Trust Fund for Food Safety and Food Security, FAO supplied assistance for the execution of the Acacia Operation project. It supported food security and rural development in...
Assisted Natural Regeneration is one of the silvicultural tools employed to combat deforestation and degradation; it consists of a variation of enrichment planting which was first developed for tropical forests with poor natural regeneration. Even though the technology is based on the ecological principle of secondary forest succession, utilizes natural...
Assisted natural regeneration (ANR) is a simple, low-cost forest restoration method that can effectively convert deforested lands of degraded vegetation to more productive forests. The method aims to accelerate, rather than replace, natural successional processes by removing or reducing barriers to natural forest regeneration such as soil degradation, competition with...
This report presents a cost–benefit analysis of three forestry interventions aimed at producing a sustainable supply of woodfuel and reducing land degradation and deforestation in the vicinity of three refugee camps (Mtendeli, Nduta and Nyarugusu) in the Kigoma region, United Republic of Tanzania. The proposed forestry interventions are: forest rehabilitation;...
In southwest Ethiopia, an ambitious program restores degraded forest areas (2700 hectares), while helping local communities with carbon credit funds.
Mauritania is one of the Sahelian countries most severely affected by the repeated periods of drought that have been occurring since the end of the 1960s. Desertification control has always been a national priority and a central concern of successive governments, taking the practical form of various development plans and...
FAO’s Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism (FLRM) programme was established to support countries to plan and carry out activities to restore degraded forest, crop, range and other productive lands, in order to improve the resilience, productivity and socio-economic value from restored landscapes. Three case studies are presented: Lebanon, where the...
Forest rehabilitation is not a new phenomenon. But as tropical forest conversion continues seemingly unabated, rehabilitating degraded landscapes is likely to become more and more important. Countries individually or collectively will increasingly turn to rehabilitation to undo the negative consequences of diminishing forest cover. Countries that had or still have...
Despite increasing recognition of the wide range of environmental and social benefits of forests to our planet’s well being, unsustainable forest and land-use practices continue to destroy and degrade millions of hectares of forests in Asia and the Pacific each year. In various locations across the region, renewed efforts are...
The regional ”Workshop on Advancing the Application of Assisted Natural Regeneration for Effective, Low-Cost Forest Restoration” was organized from 19-22 May 2009, in Bohol, the Philippines, as a concluding activity of the three-year FAO-supported project aimed at promoting ANR in the Philippines. Both the project and the workshop were implemented...
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