Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Toolbox

Reducing Forest Degradation

This module is intended for forest and land managers, as well as for stakeholders in all sectors involved in joint efforts to reduce forest degradation. It provides guidance on how to slow, halt and reverse forest degradation within a manager’s sphere of control and influence. Readers may find it helpful to read this module in conjunction with the Reducing Deforestation module.  

This case study presents a forest rehabilitation initiative in the tropical dry forests in north- western India. This project is undertaken by an Indian Non Government Organisation (NGO), the Foundation for Ecological Security (FES), in cooperation with the Forest Department and aims at improving the livelihood of tribal communities. The...
This working paper suggests that degradation is a form of (unsustainable) forest management and that measures to counter degradation, in particular Community Forest Management (CFM) lead not only to reduction in degradation but to forest enhancement as well. While reduced degradation is to be credited and rewarded under a Reduced...
The present paper is a review of the methods used for assessing defaunation, as a forest degradation component, linked to logging and logging concessions with an emphasis on mammals and Central Africa Rainforests. A discussion on the usefulness and weaknesses of these methods is provided.
Sound forest management practices have been seen as an interesting strategy to ally forest conservation and rural economic development in Amazônia. However, the implementation of Reduced Impact Logging (RIL) techniques in the field has been incipient, while most of the Amazonian timber production is generated through predatory and illegal logging....
Deforestation and forest degradation are major sources of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) as a likely component of a global post-Kyoto regime, i.e. after 2012, implies operational and cost efficient monitoring methodologies for providing reliable estimates of the respective forest biomass and carbon...
In 2011, the Government of Rwanda pledged to bring 2 million hectares of deforested and degraded land into restoration by 2020. Compared to Rwanda’s total geographic area, This goal represents the highest proportion committed to the Bonn Challenge to date. Rwanda lost over 65% of its forests between 1956 and...
Tropical peatlands in the Peruvian Amazon exhibit high densities of Mauritia flexuosa palms, which are often cut instead of being climbed for collecting their fruits. This is an important type of forest degradation in the region that could lead to changes in the structure and composition of the forest, quality...
Important transformations are underway in tropical landscapes in Latin America with implications for economic development and climate change. Landscape transformation is driven not only by national policies and markets, but also by global market dynamics associated with an increased role for transnational traders and investors. National and global trends affect...
Key underlying causes identified in the 2010 report ‘Getting to the Roots: Underlying causes of deforestation and forest degradation, and drivers of forest restoration,’ included: persistently high demand for wood; spiralling demand for land for plantations and other forms of agriculture; conflict over land tenure; industrialisation, urbanisation and infrastructure; poor...
The persistent physical, chemical and biological limitations found in degraded forest lands create barriers to natural forest regeneration; an accurate assessment of these factors is key in determining which rehabilitation interventions will be necessary, based on the objectives of the intervention, the landscape context and the available resources. This chapter focuses...
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