Russia
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Forest Fire Emergency Response Project (FERP)

Russia, the largest country in the world (1.7 billion ha), also has the largest area of closed forests (0.76-0.77 billion ha). The forested surface represents 22% of the world's forests, and almost half of the total country area. However, Russian forests have undergone fragmentation and disturbances, as a result of industrial forest harvesting, agricultural use, road construction, extraction of mineral resources and the fires resulting from these activities.

The proposed objective of the Forest Fire Emergency Response Project (FERP) is to improve forest fire prevention and management and enhance sustainable forest management. The project is financed by the World Bank for a total cost of USD 120 million. The FERP project has three components: (1) enhancing forest fire prevention, management and control; (2) building forest management capacity; and (3) project management.  

The present analysis is a pre-appraisal of the mitigation potential of the FERP project. It should be considered as an exercise rather than a fully detailed case study.

The project results in a net sink of approximately 1.23 billion tons of CO2eq during the 25 years of appraisal. The decreased fires shows the importance of finding a balance between climate change mitigation and the incorporation of preventive measures, i.e. deforestation/firebreaks, as well as capacity building, i.e. investment in infrastructure, vehicles and human capital. This type of analysis can also be linked to an increased resilience of eco-systems as a result of gain in the biomass and soil.

 

 

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The WWF Bikin Forest Conservation Project (BFCP)

The Bikin Forest Conservation Project is implemented by WWF Germany and WWF Russia with financial support from the German Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety and the German Development Bank (KfW) in partnership with the indigenous peoples’ enterprise «Tiger».

The main goal of the WWF’s project is to mitigate the impacts of climate change through the protection of large scale virgin forests in the Bikin Area. The Bikin River Basin is the biggest and last remaining untouched massif of temperate old-growth forests in the northern hemisphere, home for the Udege and Nanai indigenous people and haven for the Amur tiger. It is located in the Far East region. The massif is essential for the preservation of the natural habitats of some of the most endangered species, such as the Amur tiger also known as the Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica), the scaly-sided merganser (Mergus squamatus) and the blakiston's fish-owl (Ketupa blakistoni), which are registered on the IUCN Red Data Book. The Bikin River Valley has been inscribed on the Russian Tentative List to be declared by UNESCO as a World Natural Heritage site.  

The indigenous peoples’ enterprise «Tiger» was granted a lease of 400,000 hectares of intact forests as a conservation concession. The conservation of the mixed Korean pine-broadleaf forests of the Bikin River includes preventing illegal logging; fighting forest fires within the Bikin River Basin; and maintaining the infrastructure for processing non timber forest products and supporting traditional livelihoods of indigenous people. These activities create a net sink of 4.2 t CO2-eq/ha/yr (almost 50 Mt CO2-eq during the 30 years of accounting).

 

 

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FERP project

BFCP project