Rice in Madagascar

Rice policies in Madagascar (2003-2020)

Madagascar bases the economy upon rice production. The commune census that was conducted in 2001 shows that the rice crop was to be the most important crop in the majority of the communes of the country, both in terms of area and value production.

However, performance of the rice sector has been decreasing and the impacts from the methane emissions are expected to have harmful consequences upon the climate.

A carbon appraisal has been realized for two scenarios:

-  A  business as usual scenario built around an extremely
low production growth trend
of 0.4% per year, with no-change in the future on aquatic rice management dominated by continuous flooding system, and a policy letting slash and burn practice increase by 3.1% per year.

- An upgrading scenario built around a rice growth strategy which will allow an increase of over 50% of production between 2003 and 2020 (2.8% per year), with a progressive switch from continuous flooding to
intermitted flooded rice receiving organic amendment. The scenario also includes a policy   prohibiting any increase of slash and burn practices.


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