Soil cover (cover crops, mulch)
 

A permanent year round soil cover is central to conservation agriculture. It protects the soil from rain, wind and sun, therefore reducing erosion and increasing soil moisture; it suppresses weeds and enhances soil fertility and the organic matter content.  

There are two main types of soil cover:

  • Living plant material: crops and cover crops.
  • Mulch, or dead plant material: crop residues and prunings from trees and shrubs.

 

 

Title

Authors

Country

Date

Cover crop and residue management

FAO

All

/

Green manure/cover crops and crop rotation in Conservation Agriculture on small farms

FAO

All

2011

Getting Started with Cover Crops

Rodale Institute

USA

2005

Choosing the Best Cover Crops for Your Organic No-Till Vegetable System

Rodale Institute

USA

2004

Growing vegetables with cover crop mulch

Rodale Institute

USA

/

Cover crops and no-till management for organic systems

Rodale Institute

USA

2011

Cover crop selection and management

Penn state, College of Agricultural Sciences

USA

/

Gestion de l’enherbement en bananeraie

Institut Technique Tropical

Tropical countries

/

Conservation agriculture - 5. Soil cover

IIRR (International Institute of Rural Reconstruction) and ACT (African Conservation Tillage Network)

all

2005