Sustainable Development, Food Security and Inclusive Growth: Understanding Paradigms and Exploring Policy Impacts for Policy Making

The "UPPI" Programme

Policy making: a two-way process

The UPPI programme is a framework to systematize policy assistance activities and to improve the two-way linkage between policy-relevant knowledge generation (policy intelligence at country and global level) and policy formulation practices. The conceptual background is based on previous work carried out on development paradigms and holistic approaches to assess policy impacts. See the project concept note»

Aims of the UPPI Programme

On the one hand, the UPPI programme aims at responding to the needs of FAO member countries which need to identify and analyse policy options for inclusive growth sustainable rural development and food security. On the other hand, it responds to FAO’s need to generate additional policy-relevant knowledge on current and emerging development issues and effective policy responses (“bottom-up” policy intelligence) on the basis of sound analytical work.

This  programme provides necessary inputs to all policy processes requiring sound analytical work. However, it does not intend to cover all policy assistance requirements, nor does it address all institutional weaknesses in policy work.

A practical approach

The UPPI programme expands on recent and on-going FAO policy support activities and provides a holistic, multidisciplinary approach to policy making for sustainable and inclusive development with a strong analytical focus.

A practical approach to enhance policy making implies supporting national policy analyst and decision makers in "real case" policy processes, while reinforcing national capacities. Country Working Groups (WGs) within national institutions have “on–the-job” support to produce their own policy products.  WGs work in close collaboration with FAO staff and other national partners to produce policy-relevant outputs and participate in tailor-made capacity development events.

Tools and methods

To support these activities, FAO is endowed with operational analytical tools and approaches, such as the EX-ACT software  for assessing carbon balances of development policies, the FAO VCA-Tool  for value chain policy impact analysis, the FAO Computable General Equilibrium model FIDEA (FAO Food and Inclusive Development Equilibrium Analysis), and other approaches for policy impact analysis, including social accounting matrix (SAM) based multipliers, socioeconomic assessments using integrated and multi-topic statistical surveys and macro and micro econometric analysis tools.
See all VCA resources»  See all EX-ACT resources»

In addition, FAO uses GLODAT, a global database of country-level panel data containing macro, socio-economic and policy indicators. These analytical tools, complemented by capacity development material, approaches and findings are found on FAO's website for policy resources: EASYPol» www.fao.org/easypol.

Policy-relevant outputs include

  • Country development profiles to report on current and alternative development paradigms, strategies  and policy options
  • Reinforced analytical capacities of country teams to use policy-relevant analytical tools such as the FAO country CGE FIDEA model, the FAO-VCA tool for value chain analysis, the EX-ACT software for assessing the carbon balance of alternative policy measures and development programmes etc,  
  • Advisory policy documents to share advice on specific development issues with  governments and other stakeholders 
  • Analytical policy documents with relevant findings on selected policy options to address development issues 
  • Cross-country knowledge consolidated and evidence–based policy intelligence generated and disseminated through issue papers, policy briefs, country and cross-country case studies, lessons learned etc.

Who is involved

  • Working Groups (WGs) of government officers and other relevant stakeholders (civil society associations, trade unions, academia etc.), participating in UPPI activities, are constituted through a selection criteria. They are expected to produce policy-relevant outputs and participate in capacity development events, whenever required, at international and/or national level.
  • FAO country offices contribute to the orientation of programme activities at the country level in close consultation with national partners. 
  • FAO Regional/Sub-regional offices provide services to the programme at the country level according to the availability of human resources with the specific expertise required and identify and exploit synergies at sub-regional/regional level.
  • FAO HQ manages UPPI’s overall programme and products and services of global validity. Given its multi-disciplinary nature, UPPI builds cross-departmental links and draws technical knowledge from the various divisions.