reviewed & published
Multilateral Trade Negotiations on Agriculture. A Resource Manual
Policy Assistance Support Service, Policy and Programme Development Support Division, FAO

This Manual provides resource material to assist government officials involved in implementing the WTO Agreements of relevance to agriculture, fisheries and forestry as well as those involved in further negotiations in these sectors.

Part I presents information on the background to international trade in agriculture, on the previous treatment of agricultural trade by the GATT, on the WTO dispute settlement mechanism and on environment and trade.

Part II covers the UR Agreement on Agriculture and examines, from the perspective of developing countries, the implementation of the disciplines affecting agriculture and identifies issues of major concern in the next round of negotiations.

Part III covers the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) and the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) : the rights and obligations of Members under these Agreements ; the work of international bodies in formulating standards relevant to trade in plants, animals, fish and food; the implications of the Agreements and the work of the international standards bodies for the structure and functioning of national agencies concerned with plant, animal and food health and safety. Part IV of the Manual covers the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), particularly those aspects which have implications for agriculture.

The modules describe the rights and obligations of WTO Members and discuss the options for national legislation and institutions to implement these obligations.

Regional integration and international trade