FAO in Turkey

Programmes and Projects

Country Programming Framework (CPF) Turkey 2016-2020 priorities:

The CPF sets out three government priority areas mentioned above to guide FAO’s partnership and support to the Government of Turkey (GoT), bringing together innovative international best practices and global standards with national and regional expertise during the five-year period from 2016-2020.
It involves the country’s long-term development and strategy plans with regard to its agricultural policies as well as its natural resources management and improving living and working conditions of rural people in their own neighborhoods.

Priority 1: Food and Nutrition Security and Food Safety

Food and nutrition security and food safety was underscored as a top priority during the G20 Turkish Presidency in 2015 and Turkey supported the endorsement of the G20 Food Security and Nutrition Framework in 2014.


In this context, the primary outcome of this priority area is to improve food security, including food availability, accessibility, and to promote sustainable natural resources management technologies and the spread of innovative production technologies and methods.

Priority 2: Sustainable Forest and Natural Resources Management including Fisheries

Turkey is located in the region most vulnerable to climate change. Symptoms associated with climate change are projected to affect a variety of different social and bio-physical water-related processes in Turkey, including: possible regional differences in surface water resources; possible flood and drought conditions; reservoir/storage and hydroelectricity production potential; irrigation rehabilitation and modernization and groundwater recharge.

Climate change is projected to affect agricultural production and decrease yields due to decreasing precipitation in semi-arid regions, increasing temperatures, and constraints on water resources in irrigated areas. It is also estimated that changes in production patterns, increases in import requirements and food prices, decreases in exports and in welfare may occur.


The primary outcomes of this priority area are to protect, improve and ensure sustainable use of natural resources and forests and to adapt and mitigate climate-change impact in the agricultural and forestry sectors, and enhance resilience to disasters and crises. Updating national criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management and the development of a national forest inventory as the basis for strengthening the forestry information system, as well as enabling multi-functional ecosystem-based forest management planning, will be fostered and addressed in the strategic plans on forestry to enhance sustainable management of forest resources. The institutional capacity of related organizations, training and awareness-raising activities and programmes, strategy development, providing technical assistance to bodies directly involved, and developing a monitoring and evaluation system for implementing the national action programme are some of the primary activities for achieving the above-mentioned outcomes.


Priority 3: Institutional Capacity Enhancement of Public and Private Sectors

The third priority area was set in order to enhance the institutional capacity by providing technical assistance for strengthening farmers’ organizations, developing training programmes for public institutions, developing national and international agricultural data and market trends monitoring and analytical system for more effective decision-making, and last but not least, providing technical assistance for analyzing and enhancing the efficiency of agricultural support policies.
As rural women and men may have different entry barriers to agricultural employment and rural livelihoods, a gender-sensitive approach is needed for training programmes directed both at institutions and farmers. Gender differences in education, training and skills, gender discrimination in the labour market, reduced mobility, and stereotypical gender discourses have a direct limitation on women’s livelihood choices. Providing gender-sensitive quality knowledge, activities, and business skills to women will contribute to gender equality in rural areas. FAO will take into consideration gender differences while carrying out activities related to this priority.

In this respect, FAO works with relevant institutions including non-state actors as appropriate to improve institutional and technical capacity in different areas related to sustainable forest and natural resources management and food safety, facilitate empowerment of women and men in the field of agriculture, fisheries and forestry by providing both direct support to farmers, and by strengthening skills and extension services, local governments and national institutions.

Collaboration under this priority area is also open to strengthen public sector capacities to effectively manage migration. Furthermore, the outcome of the collaboration aims to ensure that a gender-sensitive rural social policy is integrated into the existing social protection policies; collaboration and coordination is enhanced among government institutions, NGOs and the private sector including through the e-agriculture strategy concept and strengthened advisory and extension services.

Technical Cooperation Framework (TCP)


The Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP) aims to provide FAO’s technical expertise to its Members through targeted, short-term, catalytic and sustainable assistance. The technical assistance address technical challenges in the fields of agriculture, fisheries, forestry and rural livelihoods.


FAO Turkey is currently providing technical assistance for the priority areas identified in the CPF 2016-2020, mainly to improve capacities of the national agricultural extension system, to develop capacity in sustainable soil management, to support the development of an integrated land use plan for sustainable agriculture and to enhance awareness on and capacities of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on SDGs’ harmonization, implementation and monitoring.


Furthermore, FAO Turkey is providing technical assistance focusing on strengthening dialogue and collaboration among the actors of the food value chain to tackle the problem of food loss as well as the improvement of access to for refugees and host communities affected by Syrian Crisis.