We live in a time of great social, economic and technological change.  While close to one billion people suffer hunger or under-nutrition the potential for dramatically improving the economic status and food situation in developing countries has never been greater.  In addition the general shift towards increased meat consumption is the greatest food transition of modern times and changed lifestyle will lead to the purchase of more processed and packaged food.
 
The number of current low income consumers lifted out of poverty will be the most important determinant of the future global demand for food.  
Sound development calls for a holistic process of rural transformation, firmly including crop growers, cattle and livestock herders and users of natural resources such as fisheries in a food system from the primary resource to processing industry and markets.
The ability of the agricultural and food industries to continue to respond to the undoubted substantial increase in demand in future decades will be highly dependent on the increased application of existing technologies as well as exploitation of new and innovative technologies.  
 
The future development of the agro-food industry will vary in different regions of the world depending on their status with respect to the production, preservation and processing of agricultural commodities. It will be crucial to identify and prioritize food system needs and create necessary support.
 
With the changing demographic conditions and food demands there will be increasing need for the design and development of efficient integrated systems of food production, processing, preservation and distribution from rural producers to expanding and diversifying urban populations in developing and emerging countries. It will be important to build new partnerships and enhance networking between existing food system stakeholders
 
The fact that the world’s arable land, fresh water and energy are not distributed around the world in the same proportions as the population calls for the exploitation of technologies. 
 
In this context all UNIDO Member States agreed in the Lima Declaration of 2013 that Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development must become an important part of the long-term development agenda, beyond 2015. Based on this decision UNIDO is promoting inclusive and sustainable industrial development (ISID) to harness the full potential of industry’s contribution to the achievement of sustainable development, and lasting prosperity for all.
 
Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development means that:
• Every country achieves a higher level of industrialization in their economies, and benefits from the globalization of markets for industrial goods and services. 
 
• No one is left behind in benefiting from industrial growth, and prosperity is shared among women and men in all countries. 
 
• Broader economic and social growth is supported within an environmentally sustainable framework. 
 
• Unique knowledge and resources are combined of all relevant development actors to maximize the development impact of ISID. 
ISID is part of the global development agenda as:
 
• ISID provides the technological solutions to environmentally sound industrialization.
 
• ISID requires suitable institutional capacities, an enabling infrastructure, a vibrant private sector, and a conducive business environment. 
 
• ISID can only be achieved in partnership with all related stakeholders. 
 
Created: 2012
 
Credits: UNIDO

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