Governing and Statutory Bodies Web site
 

Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

Title International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
Code ITPGRFA
Legal Framework
Origin

The conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture are key to ensuring that the world will produce enough food to feed its growing population in the future and to do so under changing climate conditions. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) is a legally binding instrument adopted by the FAO Conference in 2001 and it entered into force on 29 June 2004.


The International Treaty is crucial in the fight against hunger and poverty and essential for the achievement of Millennium Development Goals 1 and 7.


No country is self-sufficient in plant genetic resources; all depend on genetic diversity in crops from other countries and regions. International cooperation and facilitated exchange of genetic resources and associated information is therefore essential for food security. The fair sharing of these resources and the benefits arising from their use, has for the first time, been practically implemented at the international level through the Treaty’s Standard Material Transfer Agreement and its Benefit-sharing Fund.


The Governing Body of the ITPGRFA is the highest organ of the Treaty.

Secretary Mr Shakeel Bhatti
Membership

Under Article 26, the Treaty is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval by the Members and non-Members of FAO referred to in Article 25. Instruments of ratification, acceptance, or approval are deposited with the Director-General of FAO.


Under Article 27, the Treaty is open for accession by all Members of FAO and any States that are not Members of FAO but are Members of the United Nations, or any of its specialized agencies or of the International Atomic Energy Agency.


The current number of Contracting Parties as well as the type of instrument used and the date can be consulted in the site of the Legal Office of FAO.

Number of Members 131
List of Members
  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Bangladesh
  • Belgium
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union (Member Organization)
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gabon
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Honduras
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Montenegro
  • Morocco
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Republic of Korea
  • Romania
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Lucia
  • Samoa
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Togo
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United Republic of Tanzania
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
Contact information/email

pgrfa-treaty@fao.org

Web site

International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture